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"Finding the Walls of Troy": Frank Calvert, Excavator

Susan Heuck Allen
American Journal of Archaeology
Vol. 99, No. 3 (Jul., 1995), pp. 379-407
DOI: 10.2307/506941
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/506941
Page Count: 29
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Abstract

Heinrich Schliemann was not the first to conduct excavations at the mound of Hisarlik, now known as Troy. At least seven years before Schliemann initiated his probe on the mound in 1870, Frank Calvert, the owner of a large part of the site, had begun to clean the area of the theater and make promising trial excavations. In 1865 he had announced these findings to the scholarly community in London. Nevertheless, his significant contributions to our understanding of this and other sites in the Troad have continued to go largely unnoticed. Putting away pure literary speculation or "enthusiasm," Calvert was a pioneer in the use of archaeology to amplify the historical record of the Troad. This article examines his goals, methodology, and archaeological achievements through an analysis of his publications and previously unpublished correspondence with Schliemann and Charles Thomas Newton.

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