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Sheet Wash Measurements on Erosion Plots at Mfumbwe, Eastern Uluguru Mountains, Tanzania

Paul H. Temple and D. H. Murray-Rust
Geografiska Annaler. Series A, Physical Geography
Vol. 54, No. 3/4, Studies of Soil Erosion and Sedimentation in Tanzania (1972), pp. 195-202
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography
DOI: 10.2307/520765
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/520765
Page Count: 8
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Sheet Wash Measurements on Erosion Plots at Mfumbwe, Eastern Uluguru Mountains, Tanzania
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Abstract

Seven erosion plots with an adjacent control were established at Mfumbwe in the eastern Uluguru mountains in December 1956. The plots were designed to measure the rate of erosion by splash and sheet wash on slopes planted with hill-rice. On each of the plots a different method of soil conservation was used consistently over a period of approximately 3 1/2 years. Sheet wash was measured by reference to previously marked rods driven vertically into the ground to a fixed depth in lines down each plot. 5 sets of measurements were made, the last 4 being spaced at annual intervals. After July 1960, the experiment was abandoned and the plots allowed to revert to bush. In February 1969 and August 1970, those rods which could be relocated were remeasured. The paper presents the data and comments on their significance.

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