Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

If you need an accessible version of this item please contact JSTOR User Support

More Evidence for an Advanced Prehistoric Iron Technology in Africa

Peter R. Schmidt and D. H. Avery
Journal of Field Archaeology
Vol. 10, No. 4 (Winter, 1983), pp. 421-434
Published by: Taylor & Francis, Ltd.
DOI: 10.2307/529465
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/529465
Page Count: 14
  • Download ($19.00)
  • Cite this Item
If you need an accessible version of this item please contact JSTOR User Support
More Evidence for an Advanced Prehistoric Iron Technology in Africa
Preview not available

Abstract

Ethnographic and technological observations of iron smelting among the Haya people of NW Tanzania during 1976 and 1979 have contributed important new evidence for a technologically advanced culture in East-Central Africa. The ethnoarchaeology of Haya iron working shows that the Haya practiced an iron-smelting technology that employed preheating of the air blast--a highly efficient technique--and formed a massive steel altogether different from that known in the European tradition of iron production. Excavations in 1977 at the KM2 site near Kemondo Bay west of Lake Victoria in Kagera Region, Tanzania, provided abundant evidence for an ancient technology, dating to the first six centuries A.C., that shared many similarities to the living iron-smelting technology. Excavations during 1978-1979 at the KM3 site, also located near Kemondo Bay, yielded physical evidence for the antiquity of the preheated process and provided definitive proof for a technology similar to the process in historical times. These discoveries affirm that one of the most advanced technologies in the ancient world developed in Africa independent of European influence.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
[421]
    [421]
  • Thumbnail: Page 
422
    422
  • Thumbnail: Page 
423
    423
  • Thumbnail: Page 
424
    424
  • Thumbnail: Page 
425
    425
  • Thumbnail: Page 
426
    426
  • Thumbnail: Page 
427
    427
  • Thumbnail: Page 
428
    428
  • Thumbnail: Page 
429
    429
  • Thumbnail: Page 
430
    430
  • Thumbnail: Page 
431
    431
  • Thumbnail: Page 
432
    432
  • Thumbnail: Page 
433
    433
  • Thumbnail: Page 
434
    434