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Excavations at Balakot, Pakistan, 1973

George F. Dales
Journal of Field Archaeology
Vol. 1, No. 1/2 (1974), pp. 3-22
Published by: Taylor & Francis, Ltd.
DOI: 10.2307/529703
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/529703
Page Count: 20
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Excavations at Balakot, Pakistan, 1973
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Abstract

During the winter of 1973-74 preliminary excavations were conducted at the ancient coastal site of Balakot in Sanmiani Bay, Pakistan. Two periods are represented at the site. Period B, capping the mound, represents the Mature Indus (Harappan) period, the earliest urban period of South Asia. Balakot is one of five known coastal sites of the Indus Civilization. It is hoped that evidence will be discovered in subsequent seasons bearing on the question of the assumed sea trade contacts between the Indus and the Persian Gulf and Mesopotamia in the centuries just before and after 2000 B.C. Period A at Balakot is designated as Early Indus. The more than 6 m. of occupational debris resting on sterile soil represent the developmental stages leading directly into the earliest civilization of South Asia. The Early Indus sequence at Balakot contains ceramic elements related to many of the so-called "painted pottery cultures" of Baluchistan and the southern Indus Valley. The proposed series of extensive excavations at the site should provide a sound chronological and cultural framework within which any of these presently isolated cultural traditions can be studied. This report describes the location and potential importance of the site. The most significant findings of the first season's work are presented.

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