Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access JSTOR through your library or other institution:

login

Log in through your institution.

Journal Article

The Pass at Thermopylae, Greece

John C. Kraft, George Rapp, Jr., George J. Szemler, Christos Tziavos and Edward W. Kase
Journal of Field Archaeology
Vol. 14, No. 2 (Summer, 1987), pp. 181-198
Published by: Taylor & Francis, Ltd.
DOI: 10.2307/530139
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/530139
Page Count: 18

You can always find the topics here!

Topics: Geology, Rivers, Sediments, River deltas, Cliffs, Sea level, Floodplains, Shorelines, Fluvial channels, Gulfs
  • Download ($46.00)
  • Add to My Lists
  • Cite this Item
The Pass at Thermopylae, Greece
Preview not available

Abstract

Conflicts among historians over the battle at Thermopylae in 480 B. C. tend to center around supposed inconsistencies between ancient sources, particularly Herodotus, and the modern topography of the region. The area, however, is one of extensive tectonic activity, fluctuations in sea level, and sediment deposition. Any attempt to reconstruct ancient events on the basis of modern topography alone is therefore bound to be misleading. Precise paleogeographic reconstruction would require a large-scale drilling program. This study involved the drilling and analysis of seven core holes in sediments infilling the Gulf of Malia. Results clearly demonstrate a Holocene epoch marine incursion to the far west of the Malian embayment and subsequent considerable variation over time in the physiography at Thermopylae. We have reconstructed the shoreline for ca. 480 B. C. and examined variations in the morphology of the middle gate with respect to the width of the pass. Geological and geomorphic evidence suggest that the pass at Thermopylae was closed for long portions of recorded history and may therefore have had less relative importance as a route into southern Greece.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
[181]
    [181]
  • Thumbnail: Page 
182
    182
  • Thumbnail: Page 
183
    183
  • Thumbnail: Page 
184
    184
  • Thumbnail: Page 
185
    185
  • Thumbnail: Page 
186
    186
  • Thumbnail: Page 
187
    187
  • Thumbnail: Page 
188
    188
  • Thumbnail: Page 
189
    189
  • Thumbnail: Page 
190
    190
  • Thumbnail: Page 
191
    191
  • Thumbnail: Page 
192
    192
  • Thumbnail: Page 
193
    193
  • Thumbnail: Page 
194
    194
  • Thumbnail: Page 
195
    195
  • Thumbnail: Page 
196
    196
  • Thumbnail: Page 
197
    197
  • Thumbnail: Page 
198
    198
Part of Sustainability