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Hohokam Shell Middens along the Sea of Cortez, Puerto Peñasco, Sonora, Mexico

Douglas R. Mitchell and Michael S. Foster
Journal of Field Archaeology
Vol. 27, No. 1 (Spring, 2000), pp. 27-41
Published by: Taylor & Francis, Ltd.
DOI: 10.2307/530650
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/530650
Page Count: 15
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Hohokam Shell Middens along the Sea of Cortez, Puerto Peñasco, Sonora, Mexico
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Abstract

One of the important trade and ornamental items for the prehistoric Hohokam of southern Arizona was marine shell, which was obtained from the shores along the Sea of Cortez. A reconnaissance survey near the modern town of Puerto Peñasco in Sonora, Mexico resulted in the discovery of dozens of prehistoric shell middens that are probably the result of forays by the Hohokam, Patayan, and other groups to gather shell for transport back to their home-land. These middens are described and discussed in relation to shell exploitation, subsistence, and their relationship to the Hohokam shell trade between A.C. 800 and 1200.

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