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The Ottoman Province of al-Hasā in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries

Jon E. Mandaville
Journal of the American Oriental Society
Vol. 90, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1970), pp. 486-513
DOI: 10.2307/597091
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/597091
Page Count: 28
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The Ottoman Province of al-Hasā in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries
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Abstract

Al-Hasa, the present eastern province of Saudi Arabia, was occupied by the Ottoman Empire from 1550 to 1670. This article first describes the major political events which occurred in al-Hasa during this occupation, concentrating upon relations between the local Ottoman force and the Portuguese, the governor of Bahrein Island and the pre-Ottoman rulers of the area, the Bani Khalid. It then describes the Ottoman administrative apparatus of the region, examining in turn the districts, the bureaucracy, land tenure and taxes, the military structure, communications and supplies and the judiciary. The primary source used for this description is the mühimme series of the Başvekâlet and Topkapĭ Saray Archives in Istanbul, in which are recorded several hundred orders issued by the Imperial Council in Istanbul concerning al-Hasa. This is supplemented by land survey documents also found in the Başvekâlet Archives, the chronicles of Ibn Bishr and Ibn 'Isa, and relevant secondary sources.

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