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The Economic Relations of the Neo-Assyrian Empire with Egypt

Moshe Elat
Journal of the American Oriental Society
Vol. 98, No. 1 (Jan. - Mar., 1978), pp. 20-34
DOI: 10.2307/600148
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/600148
Page Count: 15
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The Economic Relations of the Neo-Assyrian Empire with Egypt
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Abstract

Assyrian royal inscriptions relating the Empire's economic connections with other countries speak of trade only as it pertains to Egypt (and then only once). These inscriptions speak of the kāru-institution which in the Neo-Assyrian empire referred to special areas in which commercial activities were carried out by royal representatives. The unique nature of the Empire's economic connections with Egypt is to be explained by the fact that the two powers were separated by a desert. In order to cross this desert the Assyrians relied on the cooperation of the sheikhs of nomadic tribes which roamed northern Sinai and southern Philistia and of the rulers of the Philistian kingdoms who, due to the geographical position of their cities, took an intensive part in the land or sea communications with Egypt. In turn, this dependence influenced the political status of these groups within the framework of the Assyrian Empire.

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