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The Princeton Manuscript of Kulliyāt-e-Saudā

G. C. Narang
Journal of the American Oriental Society
Vol. 93, No. 4 (Oct. - Dec., 1973), pp. 539-542
DOI: 10.2307/600172
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/600172
Page Count: 4
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The Princeton Manuscript of Kulliyāt-e-Saudā
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Abstract

Mirzā Muḥammad Rafī' (died A. D. 1781), pseudonym Saudā, adept in all kinds of poetical composition, remains unsurpassed in the qasīdah, or laudatory ode, and is regarded as the originator of the hajv, the satire in Urdu poetry. A rare illustrated copy of his Kulliyāt, or collected works, is preserved in the Garrett Collection of the Princeton University Library. While introducing the manuscript and discussing its contents, the paper highlights the relation of Saudā's satire to the degenerating social and political conditions of the eighteenth century India. The manuscript is the only copy of the Kulliyāt which is decorated with ten colored miniatures, one of which could be that of Saudā himself, the others include those of Shujā' al-Daulah and Āṣaf al-Daulah, the two famous Nawabs of Oudh, both patron of Saudā.

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