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The "Avaca" Inscription and the Origin of the Vikrama Era

Richard Salomon
Journal of the American Oriental Society
Vol. 102, No. 1 (Jan. - Mar., 1982), pp. 59-68
DOI: 10.2307/601111
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/601111
Page Count: 10
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The "Avaca" Inscription and the Origin of the Vikrama Era
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Abstract

A Kharoṣṭhī inscription on a Buddhist relic casket of uncertain provenance, first published by Bailey in 1978, is here re-edited. The re-interpretation of this inscription enables us to more fully reconstruct the previously obscure dynasty of kings who ruled Apraca or Avaca (modern Bajaur in north-western Pakistan) in the 1st centuries B. C. and A. D. Moreover, the date of the inscription saṃvatsarae treṣaṭhimae 20 20 20 3 maharayasa ayasa atidasa ('in the year 63 of the late King Azes [I]') provides the long-awaited explicit evidence that the Indo-Scythian king Azes I was the founder of the "Vikrama" era of 58-7 B. C.

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