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War and Settlement Desertion in the Morea, 1685-1830

J. M. Wagstaff
Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers
Vol. 3, No. 3, Settlement and Conflict in the Mediterranean World (1978), pp. 295-308
DOI: 10.2307/622158
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/622158
Page Count: 14
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War and Settlement Desertion in the Morea, 1685-1830
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Abstract

The paper seeks to test the hypothesis advanced by Antoniadis-Bibicou that warfare simply exaggerated settlement desertion in Greece and that the fundamental causes were long-term, socio-economic processes. Two allegedly destructive wars (1684-87, 1821-27) are examined for their likely impact on settlements, and the spatial patterns of military activity are compared with those of destroyed settlements as reconstructed from sources of c. 1700 and c. 1830. The conclusion is reached that many of the destroyed villages reported c. 1700 were not produced by the war but were in fact temporarily or permanently deserted as a result of social and economic changes in train since the sixteenth century. Interim desertion seems to have been more characteristic of the second period, and many destroyed villages were reoccupied either during the war or soon afterwards, though some temporary and permanent desertion also seems to be indicated. The hypothesis seems to be supported.

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