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The Storm Surge of 11 January 1978 on the East Coast of England
J. A. Steers, D. R. Stoddart, T. P. Bayliss-Smith, T. Spencer and P. M. Durbidge
The Geographical Journal
Vol. 145, No. 2 (Jul., 1979), pp. 192-205
Published by: geographicalj
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/634386
Page Count: 16
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Coasts, Dunes, Beaches, Flood damage, Storm damage, Aprons, Sediments, Storm surges, Cliffs, Floods
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The storm surge of 11 January 1978 caused considerable damage on the coasts of Lincolnshire, the Wash, and East Anglia. Along the north Norfolk coast surge levels varied between 4·6 and 5·9 m OD, similar to those of the 1953 surge (salt-marsh surface levels lie between 2·2 and 2·5 m). At Scolt Head Island dunes were cut back 20 m, and fresh sediment aprons were formed behind the seaward beach crest. These are 40-70 m wide, up to 50 cm thick, and extend for over 600 m. Their approximate volume is 3 × 104 m3. In contrast there was little change on the salt marshes. Analysis of Wells tide-gauge records shows 46 tides higher than 3·6 m during 1954-78, 5 higher than 4·0 m, and 2 higher than 4·4 m; there is some indication from historical records of increasing height and increasing frequency of storm surges on this coast.
The Geographical Journal © 1979 The Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers)