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Female Genital Mutilation, Fertility Control, Women's Roles, and the Patrilineage in Modern Sudan: A Functional Analysis
Rose Oldfield Hayes
Vol. 2, No. 4, Sex Roles in Cross-Cultural Perspective (Nov., 1975), pp. 617-633
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/643328
Page Count: 17
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Female genital mutilation, Midwifery, Women, Virginity, Ceremonies, Muslims, Marriage, Modesty, Anthropology, Ethnology
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Infibulation, or Pharaonic circumcision, is a widespread practice in Sudan. It involves cutting away most external female genitalia and almost completely closing off the vaginal opening. The custom is analyzed in context and is found to be functionally interrelated with marriage practices, norms of female modesty, women's roles, family honor, and the patrilineage. The custom furnishes critical support to the patrilineage and has a controlling effect on Sudanese fertility and the population growth rate.
American Ethnologist © 1975 American Anthropological Association