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Effect of Concanavalin A on Expression of Cell Surface Sialyltransferase Activity of Mouse Thymocytes
Richard G. Painter and Abraham White
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 73, No. 3 (Mar., 1976), pp. 837-841
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/65521
Page Count: 5
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Incubation of mouse thymocytes with mitogenic concentrations of concanavalin A causes a 2-fold increase in cell-surface-associated (but not total cell) sialyltransferase activity (ectosialyltransferase, CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:D-galactosyl-glycoprotein N-acetylneuraminyltransferase, EC 18.104.22.168) as judged by incorporation of [14C]sialic acid into endogenous cell acceptors and into added desialylated fetuin acceptor. The concanavalin-A-induced enhancement of enzymic activity is essentially complete within 1 hr after addition of mitogen and remains at elevated levels for 12 hr, declining rapidly thereafter. Intact cells labeled previously with [14C]sialic acid and then incubated briefly with hydrolytic enzymes, including neuraminidase and insoluble trypsin, released 43-66% of total cell-associated radioactivity without appreciably changing cell viability. Alterations in sialyltransferase activity due to concanavalin A treatment could not be explained by a mitogen-mediated (a) uptake of radioactive precursors, (b) cell death, (c) increased product catabolism, or (d) activation of sialyltransferase by mitogen binding to the enzyme. Furthermore, the process does not require active protein synthesis. The results are consistent with a rapid concanavalin-A-induced exposure of potential enzymic activity that was previously inaccessible to substrate.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 1976 National Academy of Sciences