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Transformation by Simian Virus 40 Induces Virus-Specific, Related Antigens in the Surface Membrane and Nuclear Envelope
Peck-Sun Lin, Rupert Schmidt-Ullrich and Donald F. H. Wallach
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 74, No. 6 (Jun., 1977), pp. 2495-2499
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/66857
Page Count: 5
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Nucleus- and mitochondrion-free membranes from hamster lymphocytes transformed by simian virus 40 (SV40), GD248 cells, cause guinea pigs to produce immune sera that reveal the presence in GD248 plasma membranes and mitochondria of two types of glycoprotein that are not detected in membranes of normal lymphocytes [Schmidt-Ullrich, R., Thompson, W. S. & Wallach, D. F. H. (1977) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 74, 643-647]. Indirect immune fluorescence of living, SV40-transformed T19 hamster reticulum cells, Balb/c 3T3 mouse fibroblasts, and W18 VA2 human fibroblasts, using the antisera against GD248 membrane, at 4 degrees produced a distinct cell surface fluorescence; however, above 20 degrees, staining at the nuclear perimeter, the SV40 U-antigen reaction, becomes equally prominent. In SV40-transformed cells that had been fixed in cold acetone, as well as in purified GD248 nuclei, thermostable U-antigen staining is dramatic, but there is no reaction for nuclear T-antigen. Rabbit antisera against T19 cells gave immunofluorescence reactions equivalent to those obtained with the antisera against GD248 cells. Normal guinea pig or rabbit sera and cells that had not been transformed by SV40 gave no reaction. Our sera from tumor-bearing hamsters gave only nuclear T-antigen fluorescence. The results indicate the presence of related, SV40-specific antigens in the surface membranes, nuclear envelope, and possibly other intracellular organelles of SV40-transformed cells.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 1977 National Academy of Sciences