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M. A. K. Halliday
New Series, Vol. 78, No. 3 (Sep., 1976), pp. 570-584
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/674418
Page Count: 15
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Social structures, Conversation, Criminals, Language, Semantics, Words, Reality, Social dialects, Subjective reality, Linguistics
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At certain times and places we come across special forms of language generated by some kind of anti-society; these we may call "anti-languages." An anti-language serves to create and maintain social structure through conversation, just as an everyday language does; but the social structure is of a particular kind, in which certain elements are strongly foregrounded. This gives to the anti-language a special character in which metaphorical modes of expression are the norm; patterns of this kind appear at all levels, phonological, lexicogrammatical, and semantic. The study of anti-languages offers further insights into the relation between language and social structure, and into the way in which text functions in the realization of social contexts.
American Anthropologist © 1976 American Anthropological Association