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Journal Article

Building the State, Making the Nation: The Bases and Limits of State Centralization in "Modern" Peru

David Nugent
American Anthropologist
New Series, Vol. 96, No. 2 (Jun., 1994), pp. 333-369
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the American Anthropological Association
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/681677
Page Count: 37
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Building the State, Making the Nation: The Bases and Limits of State Centralization in "Modern" Peru
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Abstract

Most contemporary discussions of the nature of the state, state-building, and national consciousness formation are based on an oppositional model of state-society relations. In such models, state-building is depicted as a process in which the state must impose its central institutions and cultural/moral values on the recalcitrant local populations found within its territorial boundaries who, in resisting the state, cling to a myriad of local, oppositional identities. The present article critiques the oppositional model, proposes an alternative conceptualization that encompasses dimensions of cooperation and conflict in state-society relations, and thus points toward the forces that underlie the fragmentation and consolidation of states and national cultures.

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