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Determinants of Female Labor Force Participation: A Study of Seoul, South Korea, 1970-1980

Sunghee Nam
Sociological Forum
Vol. 6, No. 4 (Dec., 1991), pp. 641-659
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/684410
Page Count: 19
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Determinants of Female Labor Force Participation: A Study of Seoul, South Korea, 1970-1980
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Abstract

This paper investigates the determinants of labor force participation of women living in male-headed households in Seoul, South Korea, at two points in time, 1970 and 1980. Analysis of data from the 1970 and 1980 Korean Population Censuses suggests that both women's educational level and the family economic status determine women's labor force participation in Seoul. Women with middle school education or above are more economically active than those with no education. Women from lower economic backgrounds are almost two to three times more likely to be employed than those in high-status families, controlling for age, number of children under 6, and marital status. However, this pattern is not found among women from the blue-collar wage-working families.

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