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The Ecowas Protocol on the Free Movement of Persons: A Threat to Nigerian Security?

R. I. Onwuka
African Affairs
Vol. 81, No. 323 (Apr., 1982), pp. 193-206
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/721727
Page Count: 14
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The Ecowas Protocol on the Free Movement of Persons: A Threat to Nigerian Security?
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Notes and References

This item contains 32 references.

[Footnotes]
  • Dr Onwuka is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of International Relations, University of Ife, Nigeria, and the author of Development and Integration in West Africa: the case of ECOWAS
  • 1
    Inis Claude, 'The United Nations and Collective Security', in Richard Gray (ed), International Security Systems (Itasca: F. E. Peakcock Publishers, 1969), p. 109
  • 2
    Ibid.
  • 3
    R. W. Fontaine, The Andean Pact: a political analysis (Sage Publications, 1977), p. 33
  • 4
    Treaty of ECOWAS, Article 27 (1)
  • 5
    R. Onwuka, 'The ECOWAS Treaty: inching towards implementation', The World Today, 36, (1980), pp. 53-54
  • 6
    Daily Times (Lagos), 31 May 1979
  • 7
    Daily Times (Lagos) 29 May 1980
  • 8
    Africa Research Bulletin (Political Series) 15 July 1971, p. 2130
  • 10
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Nigerian Immigration Act (1963)
    • Immigration (Amendment) Act (1973)
    • Immigration Manuals & Regulations (1972)
  • 11
    New Nigerian, 13 February 1981
  • 12
    C. M. B. Brann, 'Old Style Mobility of ECOWAS Peoples', West Africa, 8 September 1980, p. 1711
  • 13
    J. D. Collins, 'The Clandestine Movement of Groundnuts across the Niger-Nigerian Boundary', Canadian Journal of African Studies, 10, (1976), p. 269
  • 14
    National Concord, 27 February 1981
  • 15
    West Africa, 26 January 1981, p. 157
  • 16
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • New Nigerian, 10 January 1981
    • Nigerian Tribune (Ibadan) 19 January 1981
    • Daily Times (Lagos) 7 and 8 January 1981
  • 17
    Sunday Punch, 8 March 1981
  • 18
    'ECOWAS, aliens and diseases', a letter to the Editor of New Nigerian, 7 February 1981
  • 19
    T. A. Imobighe, 'Violence Across African States Borders'. Paper presented at a Conference held at the University of Ibadan 12-15 March 1980
  • 20
    A. Oye Cukwurah, 'Nigeria and Boundary Problems in Africa'. (A paper presented at a Seminar on Nigeria's African Policy in the 1980s, at the National Institute for Policy and Strategic Studies, Kuru, 25-28 August 1980)
  • 21
    Daily Sketch (Ibadan), 10 February 1981
  • 22
    Nigeria Tribune (Ibadan), 26 February 1981
  • 23
    Part 1 of Nigerian Immigration Act (1963)
  • 24
    Collins, 'The Clandestine Movement of Groundnuts', p. 261
  • 25
    Ibid.
  • 26
    A. J. C. Kerr The Common Market and how it works, (Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1977) Chapter 7
  • 27
    Daily Times (Lagos) 23 February 1981
  • 28
    O. Aluko, 'The OAU and Human Rights', a paper presented at the National Workshop on Human Rights Education in Nigerian National Commission for UNESCO, held in Kaduna, March 1981
  • 29
    R. Higgins, 'Conceptual Thinking about the Individual in International Law', British Journal of International Studies, 4, (1978), p. 7
  • 30
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Article 15 of the African Charter on Human and People's Rights
    • Aluko, 'The OAU and Human Rights', p. 6
  • 31
    New Nigerian, (Kaduna), 21 March 1981
  • 32
    Higgins, 'Conceptual Thinking'