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Low-Temperature Metasomatic Garnets in Marine Sediments [and Discussion]

A. J. Easton, D. Hamilton, D. R. C. Kempe, S. M. F. Sheppard and S. O. Agrell
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences
Vol. 286, No. 1336, Mineralogy: Towards the Twenty-first Century (Sep. 12, 1977), pp. 253-271
Published by: Royal Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/74717
Page Count: 20
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Low-Temperature Metasomatic Garnets in Marine Sediments [and Discussion]
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Abstract

The paragenesis of low-temperature metasomatic calcium-iron garnets or hydro-garnets in marine sediments is discussed. Oxygen isotope data indicate that the garnetiferous (micarb) chalk from DSDP site 251, southwest branch, Indian Ocean Ridge (gros52and40py6alm1.5sp0.5), formed at about 170 degrees C from circulating seawater hydrothermal solutions passing through the underlying altered basalts. Other possible examples of the hydrothermal metasomatic formation of garnets are found on bleached coprolites in the basal Bone Bed at the junction of the Rhaetic and the underlying Triassic Tea Green Marls at Larne, Antrim, in association with montmorillonite, analcime, magnetite, fluorite, and calcite, near to Tertiary basalts (and89.4gros6.1sp3.1alm1.0py0.4); in recrystallized chalk and glauconitic sandstones, associated with zeolites and other minerals, near a dolerite dyke, at Portmuck, Antrim (andraditic); and in a calcareous sedimentary lens in bedded trachytic tuffs, cut by dolerite dykes, at Fuerteventura, Canary Islands (gros94.5and5.0py0.5). An extensive search through DSDP basal sediments has revealed no further examples.

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