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The Influx of Amino Acids into the Brain of the Rat in vivo: The Essential Compared with Some Non-Essential Amino Acids
Guadalupe Banos, P. M. Daniel, S. R. Moorhouse and O. E. Pratt
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Vol. 183, No. 1070 (Feb. 27, 1973), pp. 59-70
Published by: Royal Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/76132
Page Count: 12
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The cerebral influx rates of fifteen amino acids were measured directly in living rats by means of a new technique which makes it possible to maintain a constant specific activity of a radioactively labelled amino acid in the bloodstream. A wide variation in the influx rates of the amino acids was found. These rates differed from those found by other workers using in vitro preparations, but are consistent with the theory that amino acids enter the brain mainly by carrier mediated transport processes with a high degree of specificity. There are a number of important differences between the behaviour of the transport processes in vivo and in vitro. The influx rates of the various amino acids were directly proportional to their concentrations in blood plasma (over the range of concentrations studied). All the nutritionally essential amino acids had relatively high influx rates as did other amino acids which the brain does not seem to be able to synthesize. On the other hand, amino acids that the brain can readily synthesize and two amino acids which are not normally found in mammalian tissues had low influx rates.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences © 1973 Royal Society