Fundamental Legal Conceptions as Applied in Judicial Reasoning

Wesley Newcomb Hohfeld
The Yale Law Journal
Vol. 26, No. 8 (Jun., 1917), pp. 710-770
DOI: 10.2307/786270
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/786270
Page Count: 61
  • Download PDF
  • Cite this Item

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

Fundamental Legal Conceptions as Applied in Judicial Reasoning
We're having trouble loading this content. Download PDF instead.

Notes and References

This item contains 107 references.

[Footnotes]
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • (1913) 23YALE LAW JOURNAL, 16, 59.
    • (1913) 23YALE LAW JOURNAL, 16-20
  • 8
    (1913) 23YALE LAW JOURNAL, 16, 30 ff.
  • 4
    This reference contains 7 citations:
    • Mr. Justice Holmes, The Path of the Law (1897) 10HARV. L. REV.456, 474-475
    • Mr. Justice Holmes in Guy v. Donald (i9o6) 203 U. S. 399, 406
    • 27 Sup. Ct. Rep. 63, 64.
    • Mr. Justice Holmes, in Hyde v. United States (I9ii) 223 U. S. 347, 39I.
    • Lord Kinnear, in Bank of Scotland v. Macleod [1914] A. C. 3II, 324.
    • Field, J., in Morgan v. Louisiana (i876) 93 15. S. 2I7, 223
    • Peckham, J., in Phoenix Ins. Co. v. Tennessee (i895) i6i U. S. I74, I77, I78.
  • 6
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • (1913) IIMICH. L. REV.537, 553, 569.
    • Professor Williston (1917) 30HARV. L. REV.449, 460 ff.
  • 7
    A Vital School of Jurisprudence and Law, PROC. OF ASSN. OF AM. LAW SCHOOLS FOR 1914, pp. 76-139.
  • 8
    1900) 175 Mass. 71, 76.
  • 9
    1915) i6 Ariz. 540, 554.
  • 10
    (I9I5) i6 Ariz. 540, 558.
  • 11
    Lord Hardwicke, in Penn v. Lord Baltimore (1750) I Ves. 444, 454
  • 12
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Professor Walter Wheeler Cook entitled, The Powers of Courts of Equity (1915) 15COL. L. REV. 37, I o6, 228.
    • (1913) IIMICH. L. REV.537, passion.
  • 13
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Holland, Jurisp. (10th ed., 1906) pp. 80-8i.
    • Compare Austin, Jurisp. (5th ed., 1885) Vol. I, pp. 285-286
    • Austin, Jurisp., Vol. I, p. 322, note
    • Sir William Blackstone's Commentaries, B. II. Ch. 30. and B. III. Ch. 9."
  • 14
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • (1913) 23 YALE LAW JOURNAL, 16, 30 ff.
    • Slater, J., in Shaw v. Proffitt (i9io) 57 Or. I92, 20I
  • 15
    (1913) 23YALE LAW JOURNAL, 16, 3I-32.
  • 16
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Mellinger v. City of Huston (i887) 68 Tex. 37, 45
    • 3 S. W. 249, 253.
  • 20
    Markby, Elements of Law (6th ed., 1905) sec. i65.
  • 21
    Pollock and Maitland, History of English Law (2d ed., 1905) Vol. II, p. 178.
  • 22
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • Langdell, Summary of Equity Pleading (2d ed., 1883) sec. i84
    • Langdell, Brief Survey of Equity Jurisdiction (1887) IHARV. L. REV.60
    • Hart, The Place of Trusts in Jurisprudence (1912) 28LAW QUART. REV. 290, 296
    • Terry, The Arrangement of the Law (1917) 17COL. L. REV. 365, 376.
    • ante, p. 718 n. 19
    • post, pp. 754-760
  • 24
    (1915) 16Ariz.540, 555.
  • 25
    Austin, Jurisp. (5th ed., 1885) Vol. II, p. 957.
  • 26
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • (1913) 23YALE LAW JOURNAL, 16, 20 ff.
    • post, p. 725, n. 34
  • 27
    ( 900) I75 Mass. 7I, 76.
  • 28
    (1900) I75 Mass. 7I, 77.
  • 30
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Mr. Justice Markby, in his Elements of Law (6th ed., 1905) sec. i63
    • Mr. Justice Henshaw in Western Indemnity Co. v. Pillsbury (1915) 170Cal.686, 719
  • 32
    post, pp. 745-752
  • 33
    Law of Property in Land (1st ed., 1874) pp. 1, 2.
  • 34
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Beale, Treatise on Conflict of Laws (I9I6) sec. 139.
    • Gareis, Systematic Survey (Kocourek's translation) p. 31.
  • 35
    Modern Law of Real Property (i9o3) sec. 273.
  • 36
    Huffcut, Agency (2d ed., 1901) sec. IO.
  • 37
    (1828) 3 Russ. I, 22, 24.
  • 38
    i857) 43 Me. 578, 587.
  • 39
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • Clark, History of Roman Law: Jurisprudence, Vol. II, p. 71
    • Ulpian, Dig. 32. 20
    • Goudsmit, 247 n
    • Austin, Jurisp. (5th ed., 1885) Vol. I, p. 383
    • Austin, Jurisp., Vol. II, p. 773
  • 40
    Jurisp. (5th ed., 1885) Vol. I, pp. 369, 370.
  • 41
    Elements of Law (6th ed., 1905) sec. i65.
  • 42
    (i883) 105 III. 364, 379.
  • 43
    (i886) 143 Mass. 538.
  • 44
    (i903) i94 U. S. 6oi, 6o6.
  • 45
    1904) I95 U. S. 375, 382.
  • 46
    4 905) 197 U. S. 544, 575.
  • 47
    [1913] A. C. 76, 85.
  • 48
    [ 1914] A. C. 398, 4i8, 4I9.
  • 49
    [I9I4] A. C. 398, 458.
  • 50
    (I9x6) 37 Sup. Ct. Rep. X, 35.
  • 51
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Bacon, Uses (Circa 1602) Rowe's ed., pp. 5-6
    • Co. Lit. (1628) p. 272 b
    • (1913) 23YALE LAW JOURNAL, 16, notes i and 2.
  • 52
    Elements of Law (6th ed., 1905) 99, note.
  • 53
    [1914] A. C. 398, 43I.
  • 54
    [1914] A. C. 3II, 324.
  • 55
    (I85j) 2 Curtis, 404, 406, 410, 411, 412, 414.
  • 56
    (I900) 177 U. S. 655, 666.
  • 57
    (i870) 50 N. H. 71, 75.
  • 58
    History of Roman Law: Jurisprudence (1914) Vol. II, p. 7i8.
  • 59
    (i855) 2 Curtis, 404, 412.
  • 60
    [1914] A. C. 3II, 324.
  • 61
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Mr. Justice Holmes, pp. 730-731
    • Mr. Justice Brandeis, p. 733
    • Lord Sumner, p. 732
    • Southern Pacific Co. v. Jensen (U. S. Sup. Ct., May 21, 1917).
  • 62
    ante, pp. 718 ff
  • 63
    Jurisp. (5th ed., 1885) Vol. I, pp. 368, 394, 371, 586.
  • 64
    Elements of Law (6th ed., 1905) pp. 91, 99.
  • 65
    Jurisp. (10th ed., 1906) p. 139.
  • 66
    Jurisp. (4th ed., 1913) pp. 202, 203.
  • 67
    Law and its Administration (1915) p. 53
  • 68
    1916) 30HARV. L. REV.97, 98.
  • 69
    ante pp. 729-733
  • 70
    Thorpe v. Brumfitt (i873) L. R. 8 Ch. App. 65o
  • 71
    Sir Frederick Pollock, Jurisprudence (2d ed., 1904) 64
  • 72
    (igo8) i47 N. C. i42, i46.
  • 73
    [i906] 2 K. B. 627, 638.
  • 74
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • (1913) 23YALE LAW JOURNAL, 21, 24, 59.
    • Pullitzer v. Livingston (I896) 89 Me. 359
    • Professor Arthur L. Corbin, Offer and Acceptance and Some of the Resulting Legal Relations (1917) 26YALE LAW JOURNAL, 172.
  • 75
    (i874) L. R. 9 Ch. App. 221, 223.
  • 76
    Compare Henry Pitney, V. C., in Hennessy v. Carmony (i892) 50 N. J. Eq. 6i6.
  • 77
    Jurisp. (5th ed., 1885) Vol. I, p. 397, Vol. II, pp. 799, 802, 8M8.
  • 78
    Jurisp. (5th ed., 1885) Vol. I, p. 395.
  • 79
    Through the Looking Glass, Chap. VI
  • 80
    Elements of Law (6th ed., 1905) p. 98.
  • 81
    Elements of Jurisprudence (10th ed., 1906) p. 139.
  • 82
    Jurisp. (4th ed., 1913) pp. 202, 203.
  • 83
    Law of Property in Land (1st ed., 1874) p. 2.
  • 84
    (1887) IHARV. L. REV. I, 9.
  • 85
    Law and its Administration (1915) pp. 51, 54, 57
  • 86
    (1916) 30HARV. L. REV.97, 98.
  • 87
    (1904) 194 U. S. I20, I25.
  • 88
    (1900) I75 Mass. 7I, 76.
  • 89
    (1890) 3HARV. L. REV.25, 28, 29, 30, 31, 33, 34, 337.
  • 90
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Ames, Disseisin of Chattels (1890) 3HARV. L. REV.314, fassim
    • Ames, Lectures on Legal History (19I3) p. 76
    • post, pp. 758-759
  • 90a
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Ames, Lectures on Legal History (19I3) pp. 6o, n. I, I78 ff.
    • Admiralty Commissioners v. S. S. Amerika [I9I7] A. C. 38.
  • 91
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • The Relations between Equity ahd Law (1913) IIMICH. L. REV.537
    • Professor Williston (1917) 30HARV. L. REV.449, 455.
  • 92
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Viscount Haldane, L. C., in Sinclair v. Brougham [I9I4] A. C. 398, 4i8, 4I9
    • ante, p. 732
  • 93
    Lord Justice Cozens-Hardy in Capital & Counties Bank, Ltd. v. Rhodes [I903] i Ch. 63i, 655-656
  • 94
    Summary of Equity Pleading (2d ed., 1883) sec. i84.
  • 95
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • (1900) 13HARV. L. REV.673, 677.
    • The Relations between Equity and Law (1913) II MICH. L. REV.537.
    • Supplemental Note on The Conflict of Equity and Law, post, pp. 767 ff
  • 95a
    ante, p. 719, n. 22
  • 95b
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Holmes, J., in Tyler v. Court of Registration (i900) I75 Mass. 7I, 76
    • post, p. 760, n. 99
  • 96
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Lectures on Legal History (1913) p. 76
    • Professor Harlan F. Stone, Law and its Administration (19I5) pp. 93, 95
  • 97
    Collected Papers (i9i I) Vol. III, p. 350, n. I.
  • 98
    ante, p. 753
  • 99
    Mr. Justice Holmes, in Tyler v. Court of Registration (i900) I75 Mass. 7I, 76
  • 100
    Freeman, Judgments (4th ed., 1898) sec. 432, ff.
  • 101
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Lord Hardwicke, in Penn. v. Lord Baltimore (0750) i Ves. 444, 454
    • ante, p. 714, n. 11
  • 102
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • Professor Ames, ante, p. 758
    • Professor Stone, ante, p. 759, n. 96
    • Mr. Justice Holmes, in Tyler v. Court of Registration (i900) I75 Mass. 7I, 76
    • ante, p. 760, n. 99
    • Mr. Justice Cutting, in Redington v. Frye (i857) 43 Me. 578, 586
  • 103
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Mr. Justice Franklin, in Hook v. Hoffman (i9i5) i6 Ariz. 540, 557
    • Mr. Justice Holmes, in Tyler v. Court of Registration (I9oo) I75 Mass. 7I, 77
  • 105
    (907) 207 U. S. 398, 405.
  • 106
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Fall v. Eastin (I909) 215 U. S. I, 14-15
    • Mallette v. Carpenter (I9i6) i6o N. W. (Wis.) 182
    • (1917) 26YALE LAW JOURNAL, 311.
    • The Relations between Equity and Law (1913) IIMICH. L. REV.537, 567-568.
  • 107
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • ante, pp. 714-715
    • Professor Walter Wheeler Cook, The Powers of Courts of Equity (1915) 15COL. L. REV.108 ff.
    • The Relations between Equity and Law (1913) IIMICH. L. REV.537, 564-567.
  • 108
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Lord Hardwicke, in Penn v. Lord Baltimore (1750) I Ves. 444, 454
    • ante, p. 714, n. 11
    • Paget v. Ede (I874) L. R. i8 iq. II8.
  • 110
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Mr. Justice Battle, in Braswell v. Morehead (1852) 45 N. C. 26, 28
    • Mr. Justice Connor, in Latham v. Roanoke, etc., Co. (0905) 51 S. E. (N. C.) 780
    • Mr. Justice Shaw, in Pavkovitch v. Southern Pacific R. Co. (I9o6) ISO Cal. 39, 50
    • Civ. Code, secs. 693, 695
  • 111
    The Relations Between Equity and Law (1913) IIMICH. L. REV.537.
  • 112
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Smith v. Collyer (x8o3) 8 Ves. 89
    • Mr. Justice Brewer, in Wilson v. Rockwell (i886) 29 Fed. 674
    • In re Nisbet & Potts' Contract [i906] I Ch. 386
  • 113
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • The Relations between Equity and Law (1913) IIMICH. L. REV. 537
    • post, pp. 767 ff
  • 114
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Compare Bacon, Uses (Circa i602) Rowe's ed., pp. 5-6
    • Lord Dunedin, in Nocton v. Ashburton [I9I4] A. C. 932, 964