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Fundamental Legal Conceptions as Applied in Judicial Reasoning

Wesley Newcomb Hohfeld
The Yale Law Journal
Vol. 26, No. 8 (Jun., 1917), pp. 710-770
DOI: 10.2307/786270
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/786270
Page Count: 61
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Notes and References

This item contains 107 references.

[Footnotes]
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • (1913) 23YALE LAW JOURNAL, 16, 59.
    • (1913) 23YALE LAW JOURNAL, 16-20
  • 8
    (1913) 23YALE LAW JOURNAL, 16, 30 ff.
  • 4
    This reference contains 7 citations:
    • Mr. Justice Holmes, The Path of the Law (1897) 10HARV. L. REV.456, 474-475
    • Mr. Justice Holmes in Guy v. Donald (i9o6) 203 U. S. 399, 406
    • 27 Sup. Ct. Rep. 63, 64.
    • Mr. Justice Holmes, in Hyde v. United States (I9ii) 223 U. S. 347, 39I.
    • Lord Kinnear, in Bank of Scotland v. Macleod [1914] A. C. 3II, 324.
    • Field, J., in Morgan v. Louisiana (i876) 93 15. S. 2I7, 223
    • Peckham, J., in Phoenix Ins. Co. v. Tennessee (i895) i6i U. S. I74, I77, I78.
  • 6
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • (1913) IIMICH. L. REV.537, 553, 569.
    • Professor Williston (1917) 30HARV. L. REV.449, 460 ff.
  • 7
    A Vital School of Jurisprudence and Law, PROC. OF ASSN. OF AM. LAW SCHOOLS FOR 1914, pp. 76-139.
  • 8
    1900) 175 Mass. 71, 76.
  • 9
    1915) i6 Ariz. 540, 554.
  • 10
    (I9I5) i6 Ariz. 540, 558.
  • 11
    Lord Hardwicke, in Penn v. Lord Baltimore (1750) I Ves. 444, 454
  • 12
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Professor Walter Wheeler Cook entitled, The Powers of Courts of Equity (1915) 15COL. L. REV. 37, I o6, 228.
    • (1913) IIMICH. L. REV.537, passion.
  • 13
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Holland, Jurisp. (10th ed., 1906) pp. 80-8i.
    • Compare Austin, Jurisp. (5th ed., 1885) Vol. I, pp. 285-286
    • Austin, Jurisp., Vol. I, p. 322, note
    • Sir William Blackstone's Commentaries, B. II. Ch. 30. and B. III. Ch. 9."
  • 14
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • (1913) 23 YALE LAW JOURNAL, 16, 30 ff.
    • Slater, J., in Shaw v. Proffitt (i9io) 57 Or. I92, 20I
  • 15
    (1913) 23YALE LAW JOURNAL, 16, 3I-32.
  • 16
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Mellinger v. City of Huston (i887) 68 Tex. 37, 45
    • 3 S. W. 249, 253.
  • 20
    Markby, Elements of Law (6th ed., 1905) sec. i65.
  • 21
    Pollock and Maitland, History of English Law (2d ed., 1905) Vol. II, p. 178.
  • 22
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • Langdell, Summary of Equity Pleading (2d ed., 1883) sec. i84
    • Langdell, Brief Survey of Equity Jurisdiction (1887) IHARV. L. REV.60
    • Hart, The Place of Trusts in Jurisprudence (1912) 28LAW QUART. REV. 290, 296
    • Terry, The Arrangement of the Law (1917) 17COL. L. REV. 365, 376.
    • ante, p. 718 n. 19
    • post, pp. 754-760
  • 24
    (1915) 16Ariz.540, 555.
  • 25
    Austin, Jurisp. (5th ed., 1885) Vol. II, p. 957.
  • 26
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • (1913) 23YALE LAW JOURNAL, 16, 20 ff.
    • post, p. 725, n. 34
  • 27
    ( 900) I75 Mass. 7I, 76.
  • 28
    (1900) I75 Mass. 7I, 77.
  • 30
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Mr. Justice Markby, in his Elements of Law (6th ed., 1905) sec. i63
    • Mr. Justice Henshaw in Western Indemnity Co. v. Pillsbury (1915) 170Cal.686, 719
  • 32
    post, pp. 745-752
  • 33
    Law of Property in Land (1st ed., 1874) pp. 1, 2.
  • 34
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Beale, Treatise on Conflict of Laws (I9I6) sec. 139.
    • Gareis, Systematic Survey (Kocourek's translation) p. 31.
  • 35
    Modern Law of Real Property (i9o3) sec. 273.
  • 36
    Huffcut, Agency (2d ed., 1901) sec. IO.
  • 37
    (1828) 3 Russ. I, 22, 24.
  • 38
    i857) 43 Me. 578, 587.
  • 39
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • Clark, History of Roman Law: Jurisprudence, Vol. II, p. 71
    • Ulpian, Dig. 32. 20
    • Goudsmit, 247 n
    • Austin, Jurisp. (5th ed., 1885) Vol. I, p. 383
    • Austin, Jurisp., Vol. II, p. 773
  • 40
    Jurisp. (5th ed., 1885) Vol. I, pp. 369, 370.
  • 41
    Elements of Law (6th ed., 1905) sec. i65.
  • 42
    (i883) 105 III. 364, 379.
  • 43
    (i886) 143 Mass. 538.
  • 44
    (i903) i94 U. S. 6oi, 6o6.
  • 45
    1904) I95 U. S. 375, 382.
  • 46
    4 905) 197 U. S. 544, 575.
  • 47
    [1913] A. C. 76, 85.
  • 48
    [ 1914] A. C. 398, 4i8, 4I9.
  • 49
    [I9I4] A. C. 398, 458.
  • 50
    (I9x6) 37 Sup. Ct. Rep. X, 35.
  • 51
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Bacon, Uses (Circa 1602) Rowe's ed., pp. 5-6
    • Co. Lit. (1628) p. 272 b
    • (1913) 23YALE LAW JOURNAL, 16, notes i and 2.
  • 52
    Elements of Law (6th ed., 1905) 99, note.
  • 53
    [1914] A. C. 398, 43I.
  • 54
    [1914] A. C. 3II, 324.
  • 55
    (I85j) 2 Curtis, 404, 406, 410, 411, 412, 414.
  • 56
    (I900) 177 U. S. 655, 666.
  • 57
    (i870) 50 N. H. 71, 75.
  • 58
    History of Roman Law: Jurisprudence (1914) Vol. II, p. 7i8.
  • 59
    (i855) 2 Curtis, 404, 412.
  • 60
    [1914] A. C. 3II, 324.
  • 61
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Mr. Justice Holmes, pp. 730-731
    • Mr. Justice Brandeis, p. 733
    • Lord Sumner, p. 732
    • Southern Pacific Co. v. Jensen (U. S. Sup. Ct., May 21, 1917).
  • 62
    ante, pp. 718 ff
  • 63
    Jurisp. (5th ed., 1885) Vol. I, pp. 368, 394, 371, 586.
  • 64
    Elements of Law (6th ed., 1905) pp. 91, 99.
  • 65
    Jurisp. (10th ed., 1906) p. 139.
  • 66
    Jurisp. (4th ed., 1913) pp. 202, 203.
  • 67
    Law and its Administration (1915) p. 53
  • 68
    1916) 30HARV. L. REV.97, 98.
  • 69
    ante pp. 729-733
  • 70
    Thorpe v. Brumfitt (i873) L. R. 8 Ch. App. 65o
  • 71
    Sir Frederick Pollock, Jurisprudence (2d ed., 1904) 64
  • 72
    (igo8) i47 N. C. i42, i46.
  • 73
    [i906] 2 K. B. 627, 638.
  • 74
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • (1913) 23YALE LAW JOURNAL, 21, 24, 59.
    • Pullitzer v. Livingston (I896) 89 Me. 359
    • Professor Arthur L. Corbin, Offer and Acceptance and Some of the Resulting Legal Relations (1917) 26YALE LAW JOURNAL, 172.
  • 75
    (i874) L. R. 9 Ch. App. 221, 223.
  • 76
    Compare Henry Pitney, V. C., in Hennessy v. Carmony (i892) 50 N. J. Eq. 6i6.
  • 77
    Jurisp. (5th ed., 1885) Vol. I, p. 397, Vol. II, pp. 799, 802, 8M8.
  • 78
    Jurisp. (5th ed., 1885) Vol. I, p. 395.
  • 79
    Through the Looking Glass, Chap. VI
  • 80
    Elements of Law (6th ed., 1905) p. 98.
  • 81
    Elements of Jurisprudence (10th ed., 1906) p. 139.
  • 82
    Jurisp. (4th ed., 1913) pp. 202, 203.
  • 83
    Law of Property in Land (1st ed., 1874) p. 2.
  • 84
    (1887) IHARV. L. REV. I, 9.
  • 85
    Law and its Administration (1915) pp. 51, 54, 57
  • 86
    (1916) 30HARV. L. REV.97, 98.
  • 87
    (1904) 194 U. S. I20, I25.
  • 88
    (1900) I75 Mass. 7I, 76.
  • 89
    (1890) 3HARV. L. REV.25, 28, 29, 30, 31, 33, 34, 337.
  • 90
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Ames, Disseisin of Chattels (1890) 3HARV. L. REV.314, fassim
    • Ames, Lectures on Legal History (19I3) p. 76
    • post, pp. 758-759
  • 90a
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Ames, Lectures on Legal History (19I3) pp. 6o, n. I, I78 ff.
    • Admiralty Commissioners v. S. S. Amerika [I9I7] A. C. 38.
  • 91
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • The Relations between Equity ahd Law (1913) IIMICH. L. REV.537
    • Professor Williston (1917) 30HARV. L. REV.449, 455.
  • 92
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Viscount Haldane, L. C., in Sinclair v. Brougham [I9I4] A. C. 398, 4i8, 4I9
    • ante, p. 732
  • 93
    Lord Justice Cozens-Hardy in Capital & Counties Bank, Ltd. v. Rhodes [I903] i Ch. 63i, 655-656
  • 94
    Summary of Equity Pleading (2d ed., 1883) sec. i84.
  • 95
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • (1900) 13HARV. L. REV.673, 677.
    • The Relations between Equity and Law (1913) II MICH. L. REV.537.
    • Supplemental Note on The Conflict of Equity and Law, post, pp. 767 ff
  • 95a
    ante, p. 719, n. 22
  • 95b
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Holmes, J., in Tyler v. Court of Registration (i900) I75 Mass. 7I, 76
    • post, p. 760, n. 99
  • 96
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Lectures on Legal History (1913) p. 76
    • Professor Harlan F. Stone, Law and its Administration (19I5) pp. 93, 95
  • 97
    Collected Papers (i9i I) Vol. III, p. 350, n. I.
  • 98
    ante, p. 753
  • 99
    Mr. Justice Holmes, in Tyler v. Court of Registration (i900) I75 Mass. 7I, 76
  • 100
    Freeman, Judgments (4th ed., 1898) sec. 432, ff.
  • 101
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Lord Hardwicke, in Penn. v. Lord Baltimore (0750) i Ves. 444, 454
    • ante, p. 714, n. 11
  • 102
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • Professor Ames, ante, p. 758
    • Professor Stone, ante, p. 759, n. 96
    • Mr. Justice Holmes, in Tyler v. Court of Registration (i900) I75 Mass. 7I, 76
    • ante, p. 760, n. 99
    • Mr. Justice Cutting, in Redington v. Frye (i857) 43 Me. 578, 586
  • 103
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Mr. Justice Franklin, in Hook v. Hoffman (i9i5) i6 Ariz. 540, 557
    • Mr. Justice Holmes, in Tyler v. Court of Registration (I9oo) I75 Mass. 7I, 77
  • 105
    (907) 207 U. S. 398, 405.
  • 106
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Fall v. Eastin (I909) 215 U. S. I, 14-15
    • Mallette v. Carpenter (I9i6) i6o N. W. (Wis.) 182
    • (1917) 26YALE LAW JOURNAL, 311.
    • The Relations between Equity and Law (1913) IIMICH. L. REV.537, 567-568.
  • 107
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • ante, pp. 714-715
    • Professor Walter Wheeler Cook, The Powers of Courts of Equity (1915) 15COL. L. REV.108 ff.
    • The Relations between Equity and Law (1913) IIMICH. L. REV.537, 564-567.
  • 108
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Lord Hardwicke, in Penn v. Lord Baltimore (1750) I Ves. 444, 454
    • ante, p. 714, n. 11
    • Paget v. Ede (I874) L. R. i8 iq. II8.
  • 110
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Mr. Justice Battle, in Braswell v. Morehead (1852) 45 N. C. 26, 28
    • Mr. Justice Connor, in Latham v. Roanoke, etc., Co. (0905) 51 S. E. (N. C.) 780
    • Mr. Justice Shaw, in Pavkovitch v. Southern Pacific R. Co. (I9o6) ISO Cal. 39, 50
    • Civ. Code, secs. 693, 695
  • 111
    The Relations Between Equity and Law (1913) IIMICH. L. REV.537.
  • 112
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Smith v. Collyer (x8o3) 8 Ves. 89
    • Mr. Justice Brewer, in Wilson v. Rockwell (i886) 29 Fed. 674
    • In re Nisbet & Potts' Contract [i906] I Ch. 386
  • 113
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • The Relations between Equity and Law (1913) IIMICH. L. REV. 537
    • post, pp. 767 ff
  • 114
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Compare Bacon, Uses (Circa i602) Rowe's ed., pp. 5-6
    • Lord Dunedin, in Nocton v. Ashburton [I9I4] A. C. 932, 964