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From Pressure Group to Social Movement: Organizational Dilemmas of the Effort to Promote Nuclear Power
Bert Useem and Mayer N. Zald
Vol. 30, No. 2 (Dec., 1982), pp. 144-156
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/800514
Page Count: 13
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Social movement theorists have focused on the efforts groups make to gain the right to routinely influence government policy, while ignoring the opposite process, in which groups lose this right. This paper examines the development of the pronuclear movement in the United States as a case study of a pressure group which lost power and mobilized a social movement to restore it. The antinuclear movement helped to dislodge the pronuclear pressure group. We describe two wings of the pronuclear movement, an industry-based wing and a community-based wing, and look at the different organizational and strategic problems these two bases of mobilization gave rise to.
Social Problems © 1982 Oxford University Press