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The Growth of Nodule Bacteria in the Expressed Juices from Legume Roots Bearing Effective and Ineffective Nodules
H. K. Chen, Hugh Nicol and H. G. Thornton
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Vol. 129, No. 857 (Dec. 31, 1940), pp. 475-491
Published by: Royal Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/82281
Page Count: 17
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Nodules, Bacteria, Plant roots, Plants, Peas, Plant growth, Root growth, Sterilization, Flasks, Host plants
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Strains of pea and soy-bean nodule bacteria, differing in their effectiveness in benefiting the host legume, were grown in media containing the unheated root juices from uninoculated host plants and from host plants bearing effective and 'ineffective' nodules, and their growth was measured. The growth of the different bacterial strains on root juice from uninoculated plants was not correlated with their effectiveness. The juice from roots with effective nodules produced significantly better growth of the bacteria than juice from roots with ineffective nodules in twenty-seven comparisons out of forty-four, the differences in the remaining comparisons being insignificant. The juice from roots with effective nodules produced significantly better growth than the juice from uninoculated roots in ten comparisons out of twenty-five, and significantly poorer growth in three comparisons. The juice from roots with ineffective nodules produced significantly poorer growth than the juice from uninoculated plants in eleven comparisons out of twenty-five, and better growth in only one comparison. The production, as a result of infection, of soluble substances affecting growth of the bacteria, affords an explanation of those differences in nodule growth that determine the effectiveness or ineffectiveness of the different strains of bacteria as regards nitrogen fixation within the host.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences © 1940 Royal Society