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The Sanctuary of Titicaca: Where the Sun Returns to Earth

David S. P. Dearborn, Matthew T. Seddon and Brian S. Bauer
Latin American Antiquity
Vol. 9, No. 3 (Sep., 1998), pp. 240-258
DOI: 10.2307/971730
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/971730
Page Count: 19
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The Sanctuary of Titicaca: Where the Sun Returns to Earth
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Abstract

[English] In Inka mythology, a large sandstone rock on the Island of the Sun, in Lake Titicaca, was the origin place of the sun. It was there that the sun first emerged and designated the Inka as his children. Under Inka rule, and perhaps before, this rock was a destination of pilgrims who went to worship and make offerings to the sun. We present evidence that a set of solar markers existed on a ridge northwest of the sacred rock. These structures framed the sunset for groups of watchers on the June solstice, near the time of the sun festival, Inti Raymi. Historic information coupled with the organization of archaeological sites within the sanctuary area on the island suggests that elites and common pilgrims may have observed the sunset from different locations. // [Spanish] Según la mitología Inka, una gran roca arenisca sobre la Isla del Sol en el Largo Titicaca era el lugar de origen del Sol. Fue en este mismo sitio que el primer Sol se apareció, y entonces nombró a los incas como sus hijos. En la época del reino de los Inkas, y quizá antes, esta roca era del destino de perigrinos, los cuales llegaron para adorar y hacer ofrendas al Sol. Nosotros aquí presentamos evidencia que un conjunto de marcadores solares fueron puestos sobre un cerro cercano hacia el noroeste de la roca sagrada. Estos rasgos arquitectónicos marcaron la vista de la bajada del Sol alrededor del festival solar de Inti Raymi. La información histórica, junto con el patrón del la organización de los sitios arqueológicos dentro de área del santuario en la isla sugiere que los peregrinos y la elite podrían observar la puestas del Sol en la tarde desde ubicaciones diferentes de la gente común.

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