Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

If You Use a Screen Reader

This content is available through Read Online (Free) program, which relies on page scans. Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.

The Archaeology of Dual Organization in Andean South America: A Theoretical Review and Case Study

Jerry D. Moore
Latin American Antiquity
Vol. 6, No. 2 (Jun., 1995), pp. 165-181
DOI: 10.2307/972150
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/972150
Page Count: 17
  • Read Online (Free)
  • Download ($9.95)
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
The Archaeology of Dual Organization in Andean South America: A Theoretical Review and Case Study
Preview not available

Abstract

[English] The concept of dualism has become a major theme in archaeological, ethnohistoric, and ethnographic studies of native South American societies. This article reviews use of the concept by archaeologists and ethnohistorians in the Andes, and considers an ethnohistoric and archaeological case from the Nepeña Valley of the Peruvian North Coast. The review shows that various ideas have been described by the terms "dualism" or "dual organization," and that archaeologists have interpreted paired sets of remains as the material expressions of dualism. The Nepeña Valley data document a paradoxical case in which the power of local lords, who shared rule, was based on dual organizations, and yet the settlement pattern is clearly hierarchical. This suggests that although dual principles may have formed the social syntax of authority, political power-particularly access to labor-was asymmetric, suggesting, in turn, the need to reconsider the relationship between material remains and complex social principles such as dualism in archaeological approaches to prehistoric social and political organizations. // [Spanish] El concepto de dualismo ha sido planteado como un tema fundamental en estudios arqueológicos, etnohistóricos, y etnográficos de las sociedades indígenas sudamericanas. Este artículo examina el uso del concepto por arqueólogos y etnohistoriadores en las zonas andinas, y considera un caso de dualismo etnohistórico y arqueológico en el valle de Nepeña de la costa norte del Perú. El examen demuestra que una variedad de conceptos ha sido descrita por los términos "dualismo" u "organización dual," y que los arqueólogos han interpretado restos apareados como expresiones materiales del dualismo. Datos procedentes del valle de Nepeña documentan un caso paradójico en el cual el poder de los señores locales, quienes compartieron reinado, se basó en organizaciones duales, pero sin embargo el patrón de asentamiento es claramente jerárquico. Esto sugiere que aunque la autoridad política estuviese organizada por la síntaxis del dualismo, asimismo la distribución del poder político-y en particular el acceso a recursos humanos-fue asimétrico. Esto a su vez plantea la necesidad de reconsiderar la relación entre restos materiales y principios sociales complejos, tales como el dualismo, en esfuerzos arqueológicos para entender las organizaciones sociales y políticas de las sociedades prehispánicas.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
165
    165
  • Thumbnail: Page 
166
    166
  • Thumbnail: Page 
167
    167
  • Thumbnail: Page 
168
    168
  • Thumbnail: Page 
169
    169
  • Thumbnail: Page 
170
    170
  • Thumbnail: Page 
171
    171
  • Thumbnail: Page 
172
    172
  • Thumbnail: Page 
173
    173
  • Thumbnail: Page 
174
    174
  • Thumbnail: Page 
175
    175
  • Thumbnail: Page 
176
    176
  • Thumbnail: Page 
177
    177
  • Thumbnail: Page 
178
    178
  • Thumbnail: Page 
179
    179
  • Thumbnail: Page 
180
    180
  • Thumbnail: Page 
181
    181