Paradigms of Public Administration

Nicholas Henry
Public Administration Review
Vol. 35, No. 4 (Jul. - Aug., 1975), pp. 378-386
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the American Society for Public Administration
DOI: 10.2307/974540
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Page Count: 9
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Paradigms of Public Administration


Five paradigms of public administration are sketched in an effort to indicate that the notion of public administration as a unique, synthesizing field is relatively new. The discipline is conceived as an amalgam of organization theory, management science, and the concept of the public interest. It is suggested that it is time for public administration to establish itself as an institutionally autonomous enterprise in colleges and universities in order to retain its social relevance and worth.

Notes and References

This item contains 27 references.

  • 1
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • James C. Charlesworth (ed.), Theory and Practice of Public Administration: Scope, Objectives, and Methods (Philadelphia: Amer- ican Academy of Political and Social Science, October 1968)
    • Frank Marini (ed.), Toward a New Public Administration: The Minnowbrook Perspec- tive (Scranton: Chandler, 1971)
    • Richard J. Stillman, II, "Woodrow Wilson and the Study of Administra- tion: A New Look at an Old Essay," American Political Science Review, Vol. 67 (June1973), pp. 582-588
    • Vincent Ostrom, The Intellectual Crisis in American Public Administration (University, Ala.: University of Alabama Press, 1973)
    • Dwight Waldo, "Developments in Public Administration," in The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 404 (November1972), pp. 217-245
    • Howard E. McCurdy, "The Develop- ment of Public Administration: A Map," Public Administration: A Bibliography, Howard E. McCurdy (ed.) (Washington, D.C.: College of Public Affairs, American University, 1972), pp. 9-28.
  • 3
    National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration (NASPAA), Public Affairs and Administration Programs: 1971-72 Survey Report (Washington, D.C.: NASPAA, 1972), p. 1.
  • 4
    Robert T. Golembiewski, "Public Administration As A Field: Four Developmental Phases," Georgia Political Science Association Journal, Vol. 2 (Spring 1974), pp. 24-25.
  • 5
    Frank Goodnow, Politics and Administration (New York: Macmillan, 1900), pp. 10-11.
  • 6
    "Report of the Committee on Instruction in Govern- ment," Proceedings of the American Political Sci- ence Association, 1913-14 (Washington, D.C.: APSA, 1914), p. 264.
  • 7
    Dwight Waldo, "Public Administration," Political Science: Advance of the Discipline, Marian D. Irish (ed.) (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1968), pp. 153-189.
  • 8
    Robert Aaron Gordon and James E. Howell, Higher Education for Business (New York: Columbia University Press, 1959), notably pp. 379-393.
  • 9
    Lyndall Urwick, "Organization as a Technical Prob- lem," Papers on the Science of Administration, Luther Gulick and L. Urwick (eds.) (New York: Institute of Public Administration, 1937), p. 49.
  • 10
    John Merriman Gaus, "Trends in the Theory of Public Administration," Public Administration Re- view, Vol. 10 (Summer1950), p. 168.
  • 11
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Robert A. Dahl, "The Science of Public Administration: Three Problems," Public Ad- ministration Review, Vol. 7 (Winter1947), pp. 1-11
    • Herbert A. Simon, "The Proverbs of Administra- tion," Public Administration Review, Vol. 6 (Winter 1946), pp. 53-67
    • Administrative Behavior (New York: Free Press, 1947)
    • Dwight Waldo, The Administrative State (New York: Ronald, 1948).
  • 12
    Herbert A. Simon, "A Comment on 'The Science of Public Administration,' " Public Administration Re- view, Vol. 7 (Summer1947), p. 202.
  • 13
    Lynton K. Caldwell, "Public Administration and the Universities: A Half-Century of Development," Pub- lic Administration Review, Vol. 25 (March1965), p. 57.
  • 14
    Roscoe Martin, "Political Science and Public Admin- istration-A Note on the State of the Union," American Political Science Review, Vol. 46 (Septem- ber1952), p. 665.
  • 15
    David Easton, The Political System (New York: Knopf, 1953).
  • 16
    Glendon A. Schubert, Jr., "'The Public Interest' in Administrative Decision-Making," American Political Science Review, Vol. 51 (June1957), pp. 346-368.
  • 17
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Martin Landau reviews this aspect of the field's development cogently in his "The Concept of Decision-Making in the 'Field' of Public Administra- tion," Concepts and Issues in Administrative Be- havior, Sidney Mailick and Edward H. Van Ness (eds.) (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1962), pp. 1-29.
    • Landau writes (p. 9)
  • 18
    Albert Somit and Joseph Tanenhaus, American Political Science: A Profile of a Discipline (New York: Atherton, 1964), especially pp. 49-62 and 86-98.
  • 19
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Dwight Waldo, "Scope of the Theory of Public Administration,"
    • Charlesworth, op. cit., p. 8
  • 20
    Jack L. Walker, "Brother, Can You Paradigm?" PS, Vol. 5 (Fall 1972), pp. 419-422.
  • 21
    Keith M. Henderson, Emerging Synthesis in Ameri- can Public Administration (New York: Asia Publish- ing House, 1966).
  • 22
    Larry Kirkhart and Neely Gardner (co-eds.), "Symposium on Organization Develop- ment," Public Administration Review, Vol. 34 (March/April 1974), pp. 97-140.
  • 23
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Lynton K. Caldwell, "Methodology in the Theory of Public Administration,"
    • Charlesworth, op. cit., pp. 211-212
  • 24
    This reference contains 9 citations:
    • Marshall Edward Dimmock and Gladys Ogden Dimmock's Public Administration (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 4th edition, 1969)
    • "the common man" (pp. 585-591)
    • Felix A. Nigro and Lloyd G. Nigro's Modern Public Administration (New York: Harper and Row, 3rd edition, 1973).
    • John M. Pfiffner and Robert Presthus, in their Public Administration (New York: Ronald, 5th edition, 1960)
    • John Rehfuss's Public Administration as Political Process (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1973)
    • James W. Davis, Jr.'s, An Introduction to Public Adminis- tration: Politics, Policy, and Bureaucracy (New York: Free Press, 1974)
    • Ira Sharkansky's Public Administration: Policy-Making in Government Agen- cies (Chicago: Markham, 2nd edition, 1972)
    • Sharkansky observes (p. 3)
    • Rehfuss tends to toss in the towel by noting (pp. 220-221)
  • 25
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • NASPAA, op. cit. (1971-72), pp. 1-2
    • NASPAA, Graduate School Programs in Public Affairs and Public Administra- tion, 1974 (Washington, D.C.: NASPAA 1974), p. 2.
  • 26
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • NASPAA, op. cit. (1971-72), Table 1, p. 105
    • NASPAA, op. cit. (1974), p. 2
  • 27
    Eugene P. Dvorin and Robert H. Simmons, From Amoral to Humane Bureaucracy (San Francisco: Canfield, 1972), pp. 52-53.
  • 28
    Grace M. Taher (ed.), University Urban Research Centers, 1971-1972 (Washington, D.C.: The Urban Institute, 2nd edition, 1971), p. i.