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Child and Adult, X and Y: Reflections on the Process of Public Administration Education
Danny L. Balfour and Frank Marini
Public Administration Review
Vol. 51, No. 6 (Nov. - Dec., 1991), pp. 478-485
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/976598
Page Count: 8
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Does how we teach public administration make a difference? Danny Balfour and Frank Marini argue that it does, and that public administration educators have spent too little time debating pedagogical techniques. Mirroring McGregor's classic distinction between management theories X and Y, the authors posit alternative education theories X and Y. Theory X treats learners as passive children whose teachers must make all curriculum decisions and lead students toward preparation for the future. Theory Y views students as relatively autonomous and self-directed learners whose experience is a resource and who can actively participate in the educational process. Public administration education in the future, Balfour and Marini contend, must operate under the assumptions provided by theory Y.
Public Administration Review © 1991 American Society for Public Administration