Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

If you need an accessible version of this item please contact JSTOR User Support

Islamic-Style Mansions in Byzantine Cappadocia and the Development of the Inverted T-Plan

Thomas F. Mathews, Annie Christine and Daskalakis Mathews
Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians
Vol. 56, No. 3 (Sep., 1997), pp. 294-315
DOI: 10.2307/991243
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/991243
Page Count: 22
  • Download ($24.00)
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
If you need an accessible version of this item please contact JSTOR User Support
Islamic-Style Mansions in Byzantine Cappadocia and the Development of the Inverted T-Plan
Preview not available

Abstract

The study of the rock-cut churches of Cappadocia has generally focused on painted churches to the neglect of the extensive complexes that surround them. Lyn Rodley's systematic survey of over two dozen of the most important ensembles is an exception (Cave Monasteries of Byzantine Cappadocia [Cambridge, 1985]). Her monastic interpretation of the sites, however, is open to question. An examination of the planning of many of the Cappadocian complexes reveals a layout much more like that of a spacious and well-organized mansion than a monastery. Typically an inverted T-configuration governs the nucleus of the plan. The vertical of the T is the principal hall of the ensemble; the crossbar is the transverse entrance hall that precedes it and that opens onto the courtyard in front of it. This nucleus is developed with rooms placed right and left, often symmetrically. The church may be somewhat removed from the nucleus or even omitted altogether. This distinctive plan enjoyed a wide popularity in domestic architecture in Islamic lands, and its development in Syria, Egypt, North Africa, Sicily, and Spain demonstrates its wide flexibility. The use of the T-plan in the mansions of Cappadocia gives us a precious insight into the life style of the great landowners of Anatolia and their cosmopolitan, if not frankly Islamic, tastes. The mansions of Cappadocia fill a very conspicuous gap in Middle Byzantine architectural history.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
294
    294
  • Thumbnail: Page 
295
    295
  • Thumbnail: Page 
296
    296
  • Thumbnail: Page 
297
    297
  • Thumbnail: Page 
298
    298
  • Thumbnail: Page 
299
    299
  • Thumbnail: Page 
300
    300
  • Thumbnail: Page 
301
    301
  • Thumbnail: Page 
302
    302
  • Thumbnail: Page 
303
    303
  • Thumbnail: Page 
304
    304
  • Thumbnail: Page 
305
    305
  • Thumbnail: Page 
306
    306
  • Thumbnail: Page 
307
    307
  • Thumbnail: Page 
308
    308
  • Thumbnail: Page 
309
    309
  • Thumbnail: Page 
310
    310
  • Thumbnail: Page 
311
    311
  • Thumbnail: Page 
312
    312
  • Thumbnail: Page 
313
    313
  • Thumbnail: Page 
314
    314
  • Thumbnail: Page 
315
    315