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Sarmiento's Travels in the U.S. in 1847

Sarmiento's Travels in the U.S. in 1847

TRANSLATION AND INTRODUCTORY ESSAY BY MICHAEL AARON ROCKLAND
Copyright Date: 1970
Pages: 344
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt13x12d6
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  • Book Info
    Sarmiento's Travels in the U.S. in 1847
    Book Description:

    Domingo Faustino Sarmiento (1811-1888), Argentine educator, statesman, and writer, self-educated after the model of Benjamin Franklin, was "not a man but a nation," in the words of Mrs. Horace Mann. Like De Tocqueville, this remarkable man visited the United States in its early years and wrote a detailed account of this new phenomenon.

    Full of shrewd social commentary and unique vignettes of the America of this period-of Boston, for instance, where Sarmiento met the Horace Manns and later Emerson and Longfellow-Travelsshould take its place among the important commentaries on the United States written during the last century by foreign visitors. Professor Rockland's introductory essay provides the broader context in whichTravelsmust be seen: its place in Sarmiento's life and career and its importance as testimony to forgotten lines of influence between North and South America.

    Originally published in 1970.

    ThePrinceton Legacy Libraryuses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

    eISBN: 978-1-4008-7089-9
    Subjects: American Studies, History
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Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents (pp. vii-viii)
  3. List of Illustrations (pp. ix-x)
  4. Acknowledgments (pp. xi-xiv)
    M.A.R.
  5. Introduction
    • [Introduction] (pp. 1-5)

      The most startling fact about Domingo Faustino Sarmiento is that virtually no one in the United States has ever heard of him.¹ Sarmiento, who some feel is the outstanding figure in the long history of the many nations of Latin America, and who moreover is the Latin American who most concerned himself with the United States, is unknown to all but a few experts in this country. Not a single work by or about him can be found in most American* bookstores. Only one of his works has been translated into English—a hundred years ago. When foreign commentators on...

    • 1. Sarmiento and the United States (pp. 6-75)

      Domingo Faustino Sarmiento has been described by various authors as “the greatest Spanish American figure of his epoch,” “the most striking figure in the eventful Latin American historical drama” of the nineteenth century, and as “perhaps the greatest man of letters in the history of Argentina.”⁵ Another writer says that, “In the literature of Spanish America . . . [Sarmiento’s] figure stands out above all the rest.”⁶ Another goes further and describes him as “the most powerful brain America has produced.”⁷ And still another writer goes so far as to claim that “America has not produced another man like him...

    • Illustrations (pp. None)
    • 2. Sarmiento’s Travels (pp. 76-106)

      Sarmiento’sViajesis made up of eleven letters, described by one Argentine scholar as “letter-reports,”¹ to various comrades, most of whom were Argentine, anti-Rosas exiles living in Chile and Uruguay. Originally appearing as two volumes in 1849 and 1851,Viajesis published in three volumes in modern editions. The first two,De Valparaiso a París and España e Italia,consist of five letters each. The third,Estados Unidos or Travels in the United Statesin 1847, is made up of a single extremely long letter addressed to Valentin Alsina, a lawyer and formerly a professor at Buenos Aires University, then...

  6. Notes on the Translation (pp. 107-112)
  7. Travels in the United States in 1847
    • I. A General Description (pp. 115-210)

      I leave the United States, my dear friend, in that state of excitement caused by witnessing a truly new phenomenon, one which is filled with uncertainties, without plan, without unity, which bristles with crimes that illuminate with their sinister light acts of heroism and self-sacrifice, which is embellished by such fabulous ornaments as ancient forests, flowery prairies, cruel mountains, and human dwellings in whose peaceful environment virtue and innocence reign. I want you to know that I am departing at once sad, thoughtful, pleased, and deeply impressed, with half of my illusions broken or crumbled, while others struggle against reason...

    • II. Travel Incidents (pp. 211-308)

      My travel adventures in the United States should not intrude into the reflections which the spectacle of that country has set in motion, so I will only tell you of a few which may interest you. Taking stock of my funds in Paris those last days of July, I found that I had scarcely six hundred dollars left. The trip home by way of the Isthmus alone costs seven hundred, and I still had not seen England. This bankruptcy, which would rob me of some of my dreams, only (as is so often the case) increased my desire for them....

    • Diary of Expenses (pp. 309-316)

      The present book of expenses incurred during my trip will be one of my best souvenirs. Being by nature disorderly, I have decided to register my expenses, and if I get nothing else out of it but to know how my money has been employed, I shall be satisfied. It is, besides, a register in which are found recorded, in this or that incident, the places in which I have found myself and the dates of all my movements. In South America it will be useful for its information on the cost of stagecoaches, railroads, steamboats, inns, etc., in each...

  8. Index (pp. 317-330)