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Participatory Planning for Climate Compatible Development in Maputo, Mozambique

Participatory Planning for Climate Compatible Development in Maputo, Mozambique OPEN ACCESS

Vanesa Castán Broto
Jonathan Ensor
Emily Boyd
Charlotte Allen
Carlos Seventine
Domingos Augusto Macucule
Copyright Date: 2015
Edition: 1
Published by: UCL Press
Pages: 212
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt1g69xzm
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  • Book Info
    Participatory Planning for Climate Compatible Development in Maputo, Mozambique
    Book Description:

    Participatory Planning for Climate Compatible Development in Maputo, Mozambiqueis a practitioners' handbook that builds upon the experience of a pilot project that was awarded the United Nations 'Lighthouse Activity' Award. Building upon a long scholarly tradition of participatory planning, this dual-language (English/Portuguese) book addresses crucial questions about the relevance of citizen participation in planning for climate compatible development and argues that citizens have knowledge and access to resources that enable them to develop a sustainable vision for their community. In order to do so, the author proposes a Participatory Action Planning methodology to organise communities, and also advances mechanisms for institutional development through partnerships.

    eISBN: 978-1-910634-21-9
    Subjects: Environmental Science
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  1. Foreword (pp. v-xii)

    Right now, the world’s poorest and most vulnerable people are keenly feeling the impacts of climate change. They are being hit hard by increased droughts, floods and extreme weather. And they will be hit even harder in the future.

    Because of its coastal location, Mozambique is exposed to severe climate risks, such as flooding, cyclones and sea-level rise. Enabling developing countries like Mozambique to adapt to the effects of climate change and protect its most vulnerable citizens, while growing its economy in a sustainable way, is a critically important challenge.

    Meeting this challenge is not just the domain of governments....

  2. As climate change becomes part of the reality of the lives of millions of urban citizens around the world, cities face the dual challenge of planning for sustainable development and managing the growing climate risks that threaten urban livelihoods. In the global south, in particular, cities are very vulnerable to climate impacts, both because of the current lack of infrastructure and because of the challenges to respond rapidly to climate disasters, whether this is because of lack of coordination, resources or simply because appropriate institutions do not exist.¹ Pro-poor forms of planning are lacking and ready-made solutions from cities in...

  3. Achieving climate compatible development requires something other than simply incorporating climate information into current development processes. Adapting to climate change will require building resilience and flexibility in planning, through the establishment of a variety of networks that can respond to the unexpected changes likely to occur with the onset of climate change.¹ Mitigating climate change will require sustainable development strategies that take a long-term perspective on the kind of economic development pathways that will generate low carbon societies. Within an urban context, there are multiple conflicts about what are the most appropriate strategies to achieve both mitigation and adaptation, and...

  4. Citizens need a range of technical services to achieve climate compatible development. They need risk management organisations, including those which quantify risk and those which manage it. They also need innovators and supporting institutions to implement sustainable development solutions. However, those very organisations also need citizens to achieve their climate compatible development objectives. They need citizens to define key problems and to explain what solutions would best fit their lives and livelihoods. They also require them to engage with new proposals and make them a reality. They need citizens in order to gain legitimacy and to ensure a future together....

  5. Building networks is important to establish resilience to climate change and future uncertainties.¹ Networks represent connections and pools of resources that different actors can tap into, for example after a disaster or when taking action for sustainable development. In the context of project implementation (i. e. CCD) these networks should move towards creating partnerships. Partnerships represent flexible arrangements between two or more actors within a network, in order to act together towards a common objective. Partnerships do not always need to be formalised and permanent; however, they constitute a coordinated attempt to move action forward towards sustainable neighbourhoods that can...

  6. This book provides ideas and methodologies for fostering and developing partnerships for climate compatible development that truly acknowledge the concerns and needs of local communities, especially those communities that host the urban poor and the most vulnerable to climate change impacts. From this perspective, citizens should be at the centre of the partnership. Hence, our project has worked towards building methodologies that can help citizens to organise themselves and build a common vision to communicate to other partners. These insights build upon our experiences of building partnerships in Maputo. This is, however, an incomplete and ongoing experience in which gaining...

  7. Enquanto as mudanças climáticas se tornem parte da realidade das vidas de milhões de cidadãos urbanos pelo mundo inteiro, as cidades estão a enfrentar o desafio duplo de planificar para o desenvolvimento sustentável e gerir os riscos crescentes do clima que ameaçam os meios da vida urbana. No Sul, em particular, as cidades são muito vulneráveis aos impactos do clima, devido à falta actual de infraestruturas e também aos desafios de responder com rapidez aos desastres climáticos, seja por causa da falta de coordenação ou recursos ou, simplesmente, da inexistência de instituições apropriadas.¹ Faltam as formas de planeamento em favor...

  8. A realização do desenvolvimento compatível com o clima requer mais de que a simples incorporação da informação sobre o clima nos processos actuais de desenvolvimento. A adaptação às mudanças climáticas necessitará a construção de resiliência e flexibilidade no planeamento, através do estabelecimento de uma diversidade de redes que possam responder às mudanças imprevistas que provavelmente ocorrerão com o surgimento das mudanças climáticas¹. A mitigação das mudanças climáticas irá requerer estratégias de desenvolvimento sustentável que adoptam uma perspectiva de longo prazo sobre os caminhos para o desenvolvimento económico que produzirão sociedades com emissões baixas de carbono. Num contexto urbano, existem conflitos...

  9. Os cidadãos precisam de um leque de serviços técnicos para alcançar o desenvolvimento compatível com o clima. Precisam de organizações de gestão de risco, incluindo aquelas que quantificam os riscos e aquelas que fazem a gestão do risco. Também precisam de inovadores e instituições de apoio para implementar as soluções de desenvolvimento sustentável. Por outro lado, essas mesmas instituições precisam dos cidadãos para alcançar os seus objectivos de desenvolvimento compatível com o clima. Precisam dos cidadãos para definir os problemas chave e explicar quais soluções seriam as mais adequadas para o seu bem-estar social e económico. Também precisam de cidadãos...

  10. O desenvolvimento de redes é importante para o estabelecimento de resiliência perante as mudanças climáticas e incertezas futuras¹, As redes representam ligações e fontes de recursos disponíveis aos vários actores, por exemplo, após uma calamidade ou quando tomar acções para o desenvolvimento sustentável. No contexto de implementação de projectos (isto é, no DCC), as redes deveriam progredir para a criação de parcerias. As parcerias representam arranjos flexíveis entre dois ou mais actores dentro de uma rede, a fim a agir em conjunto para um objectivo comum. As parcerias nem sempre precisam de ser formalizadas ou permanentes mas, mesmo assim, constituem...

  11. Este livro fornece ideias e metodologias para o fomento e estabelecimento de parcerias para o desenvolvimento compatível com o clima que realmente reconhecem as preocupações e necessidades das comunidades locais, especialmente das comunidades onde vivem as pessoas desprivilegiadas e as mais vulneráveis aos impactos das mudanças climáticas. Nessa perspectiva, os cidadãos devem estar no centro da parceria. Por isso, o nosso projecto trabalhou para elaborar metodologias que podem ajudar os cidadãos a organizar-se e construir uma visão comum para comunicação a outros parceiros. Essas percepções baseiam-se nas nossas experiências de desenvolver parcerias em Maputo. No entanto, as experiências ainda estão...