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Capturing Wealth from Tuna

Capturing Wealth from Tuna: Case Studies from the Pacific OPEN ACCESS

Kate Barclay
with Ian Cartright
Copyright Date: 2007
Published by: ANU Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt24h95s
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  • Book Info
    Capturing Wealth from Tuna
    Book Description:

    The Western and Central Pacific Ocean is home to the largest tuna fishery in the world - around half of the world's tuna supply - and is a vital economic resource for Pacific island countries. The potential of the Pacific tuna fishery to contribute to economic development in the Pacific island countries is enormous, but will require a cooperative regional strategy to maximise access fees from distant water fishing nations, as well as targeted domestic policy and legislation to encourage local fishing industries. Together with the importance of acting strategically with regard to such a variable resource, the lesson of fisheries management globally is that it is most effective when it takes into consideration social, cultural and political contexts. Based on an extensive study of six Pacific island states, Capturing Wealth from Tuna maps out the aspirations and limitations of six Pacific island countries and proposes strategies for capturing more wealth from this resource in a sustainable and socially equitable manner.

    eISBN: 978-1-921313-63-9
    Subjects: Ecology & Evolutionary Biology
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Table of Contents

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  1. The Western and Central Pacific Ocean (WCPO) is home to the largest tuna fishery in the world, representing a vital economic resource for Pacific island countries.¹ This book is intended for readers interested in the development² and management³ of the regionʹs tuna resources. It adds to debates on how best to achieve aspirations for development of the tuna industry without compromising ecological sustainability.

    Research for this book consists of interviews with stakeholders conducted during 2005 in six Pacific island countries: Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Marshall Islands, Kiribati, Cook Islands and Fiji (Map 1.1).⁴ It also draws on the plethora...

  2. Almost without exception, Pacific islanders interviewed and documents analysed for this project indicated a strong motivation towards capturing more of the wealth generated by regional tuna resources in the domestic economies of Pacific island countries. Interviews and documents used in this project assumed that the two main ways in which Pacific island countries could do this were: i) domestic industry development, and ii) maximising returns from distant water fleets.

    In this study, we use examples of domestic tuna industries in Pacific island countries to highlight strategies that are likely to lead to the kinds of domestic industry development that will...

  3. Case studies
    • 3 Cook Islands (pp. 65-89)

      After frequent contact by Spanish, British and French explorers from 1595, Cook Islands was named by Russian cartographers in the early 1800s in honour of the British Captain James Cook. Cook Islands was formally annexed by New Zealand in 1900 and gained independence in 1965. The country is self-governing in association with New Zealand and Cook Islanders have rights to New Zealand citizenship. About 50–70,000 Cook Islanders live in New Zealand and about 10,000 in Australia.

      The Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) estimated a total allowable catch (TAC) for the Cook Islands Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of 44,000mt...

    • 4 Fiji (pp. 90-116)

      Fiji is made up of about 800 islands and islets, of which about 110 are inhabited. Fiji was a British colony between 1874 (with the island of Rotuma added in 1881) and 1970. Suva was the centre for British colonialism in the Pacific region, a status that set Fiji up to be the ʹgateway to the Pacificʹ after decolonisation. It remains a hub for the Pacific. Several important regional initiatives, such as the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat and the University of the South Pacific, are based in Suva. The British allowed colonial plantation owners to import large numbers of indentured...

    • 5 Kiribati (pp. 117-147)

      Kiribati is made up of 33 main islands in three groups: the Gilbert Group, the Phoenix Group and the Line Islands. Along with what is now Tuvalu, these islands were part of the British colonial territory Gilbert and Ellice Islands. The Gilbert, Phoenix and Line Islands groups are spread across 5,000km of the Pacific Ocean from just east of Nauru to south of Hawaiʹi, separated by stretches of international waters and the Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs) of other countries. The ratio of land to water surface area in Kiribati is 1:4,377. Most of the islands are low lying, about one...

    • 6 Marshall Islands (pp. 148-169)

      The Republic of the Marshall Islands is made up of 29 coral atolls and five single islands from just north of the equator to 15°N latitude (Figure 6.1) (Chapman 2004a). The atoll geomorphology (narrow ribbons of land around lagoons) means there has been a limited range of agriculture possible and there have often been shortages of fresh water for agriculture and domestic use. Most areas rely on lenses of fresh water in the ground of the atolls and any rainwater that can be caught. The marginality of Marshall Islandsʹ land for human habitation means the Marshallese have historically relied considerably...

    • 7 Papua New Guinea (pp. 170-200)

      Of the countries included in this study, Papua New Guinea is the largest in terms of land size and population. It is made up of one very large mountainous island shared with the Indonesian-controlled West Papua to the west, with numerous smaller islands to the north and east. The most striking characteristic of PNG society is its diversity. There are hundreds of distinct language and cultural groups, with differences in facial features and skin colour between peoples of the Highlands, south coast, the islands and Bougainville. Before World War I, the northern part of what is now Papua New Guinea...

    • 8 Solomon Islands (pp. 201-236)

      Solomon Islands is made up of a double chain of six main islands surrounded by many smaller ones, and several groups of outlying islands, stretched over 1,300 kilometres. The large islands are volcanic with fertile soil and plentiful fresh water sources, while some of the smaller islands are atolls with less rich soil and limited supplies of fresh water.

      When the British Solomon Islands Protectorate was granted independence in 1978, most of the economy was still non-cash and based in village production. In 1999, about 85 per cent of the population lived in rural areas, while 12 per cent lived...