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Rural Livelihood Trajectories Around a “Bull Market” in Kyrgyzstan: Studying Agropastoral Change at the Household Level Through Farming System Modeling
Raphaële de la Martinière
Mountain Research and Development
Vol. 32, No. 3, Central Asian Mountain Societies in Transition (Aug 2012), pp. 337-344
Published by: International Mountain Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/mounresedeve.32.3.337
Page Count: 8
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Transhumant agropastoralism is a major concern in debates about economic development and food security in Kyrgyzstan. Using the concept of the “agropastoral system,” this study emphasizes the diversity of existing family farming systems and agropastoral livelihoods at the regional level and their various economic perspectives in a constantly evolving environment. Qualitative and empirical research conducted in the eastern part of Chuy oblast led to establishment of a typology of household farming systems, based on their resources and strategies, showing the agro-economic logic in the increasing socioeconomic inequalities in rural areas. Four farming systems were identified: deprived households involved in kitchen gardening and daily farm labor, risky small crop farming systems that increasingly rely on offfarm jobs to secure their livelihoods, sustainable dairy farming systems, and dynamic meat producers. In the context of increasing demand for animal products in urban areas, the position of each farming system in dairy and beef marketing reveals its ability to seize economic opportunities in the agricultural sector and in competition with off-farm activities.
© 2012 by the authors