Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

Rural Livelihood Trajectories Around a “Bull Market” in Kyrgyzstan: Studying Agropastoral Change at the Household Level Through Farming System Modeling

Raphaële de la Martinière
Mountain Research and Development
Vol. 32, No. 3, Central Asian Mountain Societies in Transition (Aug 2012), pp. 337-344
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/mounresedeve.32.3.337
Page Count: 8
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
Item Type
Article
References
Rural Livelihood Trajectories Around a “Bull Market” in Kyrgyzstan: Studying Agropastoral Change at the Household Level Through Farming System Modeling
Preview not available

Abstract

Transhumant agropastoralism is a major concern in debates about economic development and food security in Kyrgyzstan. Using the concept of the “agropastoral system,” this study emphasizes the diversity of existing family farming systems and agropastoral livelihoods at the regional level and their various economic perspectives in a constantly evolving environment. Qualitative and empirical research conducted in the eastern part of Chuy oblast led to establishment of a typology of household farming systems, based on their resources and strategies, showing the agro-economic logic in the increasing socioeconomic inequalities in rural areas. Four farming systems were identified: deprived households involved in kitchen gardening and daily farm labor, risky small crop farming systems that increasingly rely on offfarm jobs to secure their livelihoods, sustainable dairy farming systems, and dynamic meat producers. In the context of increasing demand for animal products in urban areas, the position of each farming system in dairy and beef marketing reveals its ability to seize economic opportunities in the agricultural sector and in competition with off-farm activities.

Page Thumbnails