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Summer Livestock Farming at the Crossroads in the Ukrainian Carpathians: The Unique Case of the Chornohora Mountain Range
Agata Warchalska-Troll and Mateusz Troll
Mountain Research and Development
Vol. 34, No. 4, Focus Issue: Family Farming in Mountains—Institutional and Organizational Arrangements in the Context of Globalization (Nov 2014), pp. 344-355
Published by: International Mountain Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/mounresedeve.34.4.344
Page Count: 12
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This study investigated summer farming in the Chornohora and the adaptation strategies practiced in summer pasturelands, using field observations, in-depth interviews with local inhabitants, and official data from Ukrainian institutions. The indigenous Hutsul people have developed organizational forms of animal husbandry—often based on family farming—that they try to follow despite the lack of support from the state. Which of the summer farming types practiced in the Chornohora adapts well to modern challenges? What can be learned from the Chornohora's example for the protection of traditional landscapes shaped by seasonal grazing in other mountain regions? We approach these problems through 5 case studies, chosen from more than 40 farms that were investigated during visits to the study area over 5 years, illustrating a range of practices from traditional transhumance to agritourism and including both private and collective farms, some within protected areas. Chornohora's 40 working farms present a unique contrast to the common pattern of grassland abandonment and afforestation in the Ukrainian Carpathians.
© 2014 by the authors