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Eruption of Andesite Triggered by Dyke Injection: Contrasting Cases at Karymsky Volcano, Kamchatka and Mt Katmai, Alaska
John C. Eichelberger and Pavel E. Izbekov
Philosophical Transactions: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Vol. 358, No. 1770, Causes and Consequences of Eruptions of Andesite Volcanoes (May 15, 2000), pp. 1465-1485
Published by: Royal Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2666924
Page Count: 5
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Volcanoes, Calderas, Andesite, Magma, Volcanic domes, Igneous petrology, Structural domes, Enclaves, Tephra
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Are volcanoes often erupt andesite that appears to have been stored in reservoirs at shallow depth for protracted periods. As crystal-rich andesite is close in density to upper crust, such storage may be quite stable. Petrological evidence, and occasionally geological and geophysical evidence as well, suggests that the immediate trigger for eruption of the stored magma is injection of new magma into the reservoir, presumably through dykes rising from depth. When the dyke magma is more mafic than the stored andesite, effusive eruption typically results. When the dyke magma is voluminous and more silicic, the results are catastrophic, with production of discontinuously zoned tephra deposits and caldera collapse. Contrasting end-members are illustrated by the eruptions of Karymsky Volcano in 1996 and of Mt Katmai in 1912.
Philosophical Transactions: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences © 2000 Royal Society