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What Is Opened in Luke 24:45, the Mind or the Scriptures?

Joshua L. Mann
Journal of Biblical Literature
Vol. 135, No. 4 (Winter 2016), pp. 799-806
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.15699/jbl.1354.2016.3136
Page Count: 8
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What Is Opened in Luke 24:45, the Mind or the Scriptures?
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Abstract

Until recently, virtually all known readings of Luke 24:45 took for granted a particular underlying Greek syntax that yields the translation, “Then he [Jesus] opened their mind to understand the Scriptures.” In an earlier issue of this journal, Matthew Bates proposed an alternative understanding of the Greek syntax, swapping the direct objects of the main verb and infinitive, substantially altering the meaning: “Then Jesus exposited the Scriptures so that the disciples could understand their meaning.” In this article, I will show that Bates's reconstruction is syntactically infeasible and otherwise inadequately supported. Further, I present evidence from the broad context of Luke-Acts that supports the traditional reading. Illumination, the opening of the mind of the disciples, is a climactic moment at the end of the Third Gospel.

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