In the 1990s, the Los Angeles Police Department's Rampart Division gained notoriety for its corruption charges and excessive use of force. The Rampart scandal was not an isolated incident but rather an expression of the normalized violence of the LAPD during the ongoing neoliberal restructuring of the city. As street reporters, the Psycho Realm, a Chicano hip-hop group, documented this violence through their rap albums. According to blues scholar Clyde Woods, hip hop is a “blues revival movement” that serves as a tradition of investigation and criticism. Following Woods's framework, I conduct a content analysis of the music of the Psycho Realm through a conjunctural analysis of 1990s Los Angeles to discuss the link between the violence of policing and neoliberal racial capitalism in the city. I argue that the music of the Psycho Realm provides a disordering narrative and practice that disrupt the normative understanding of policing, as well as political economy, and envisions an alternative social warrant. Analyzing the music of the Psycho Realm and the violence of policing in 1990s Los Angeles offers a lesson for ongoing debates revolving around police violence and reform policies.
Chiricú Journal: Latina/o Literatures, Arts, and Cultures is a peer-reviewed humanities journal that provides a critical as well as creative space for Latina/o scholarship and cultural expression. Conceived as a venue for fiction, poetry, art, and criticism, Chiricú Journal highlights transnational flows of language and culture in the Americas, and accepts submissions in English, Spanish, or Portuguese. Published in the fall and spring, each issue features peer-reviewed academic articles, critical essays, scholarly reviews of books and films, and creative works, including prose fiction, poetry, and visual arts.
Indiana University Press was founded in 1950 and is today recognized internationally as a leading academic publisher specializing in the humanities and social sciences. As an academic press, our mandate is to serve the world of scholarship and culture as a professional, not-for-profit publisher. We publish books and journals that will matter 20 or even a hundred years from now – titles that make a difference today and will live on into the future through their reverberations in the minds of teachers and writers. IU Press's major subject areas include African, African American, Asian, cultural, Jewish and Holocaust, Middle East, Russian and East European, and women's and gender studies; anthropology, film, history, bioethics, music, paleontology, philanthropy, philosophy, and religion. The Press also features an extensive regional publishing program under its Quarry Books imprint. It is one of the largest public university presses, as measured by titles and income level.