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Automation and Unemployment: A Management Viewpoint
Malcolm L. Denise
The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Vol. 340, Automation (Mar., 1962), pp. 90-99
Published by: Sage Publications, Inc. in association with the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1033703
Page Count: 10
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The relationship between automation and unemployment is widely misunderstood. More efficient use of labor through automation and technological advance is the basis of economic growth. It has not meant unemployment in the past, for displaced workers have been absorbed in other and better jobs. Contrary to a common assumption, automation today is not "displacing" workers more rapidly than in the past. Automation has preserved and increased, rather than reduced, Ford employment. We cannot identify any substantial group of laid-off employees whose unemployment is attributable solely to automation. Ford employment depends on sales, and there has been no consistent increase in units produced per employee. Recovery in auto industry employment after the 1958 recession was limited not by automation but by the market shift toward smaller, simpler, lighter cars which take less work to build. Automation does not lend itself readily to many operations, and it is not likely to advance so rapidly that accommodations cannot be made. Indeed, it will not be easy to maintain the historical rate of productivity increase. Efforts to explain unemployment as a result of automation have done much more to confuse than to advance the search for better solutions to unemployment problems.
The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science © 1962 American Academy of Political and Social Science