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Peer Influences on Sex-Role Development in Preschoolers
Michael E. Lamb and Jaipaul L. Roopnarine
Vol. 50, No. 4 (Dec., 1979), pp. 1219-1222
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1129353
Page Count: 4
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Child psychology, Psychological reinforcement, Preschool children, Child development, Children, Peer pressure, Nursery schools, Adopted children, Behavior modification
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The occurrence of sex-stereotyped activities and peer responses to them were systematically observed in a naturalistic setting. Sex-appropriate and sex-inappropriate instances of all target activities occurred, as did instances of both potentially reinforcing and potentially punishing responses. Reinforcement occurred more frequently than did punishment and it was usually administered appropriately. Boys were more likely to administer reinforcements than girls were. Positively reinforced activities continued longer than punished activities did. Positive reinforcement for male-typed activities affected boys more than girls; positive reinforcement for female-typed activities affected girls more than boys.
Child Development © 1979 Society for Research in Child Development