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Contemporary Art Music in Nigeria: An Introductory Note on the Works of Ayo Bankole

Olabode F. Omojola and Ayo Bankole
Africa: Journal of the International African Institute
Vol. 64, No. 4 (1994), pp. 533-543
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1161372
Page Count: 11
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Contemporary Art Music in Nigeria: An Introductory Note on the Works of Ayo Bankole
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Abstract

The introduction of Christian missionary activity and the British colonial administration of Nigeria in the middle of the nineteenth century led to some of the most significant musical changes in the country. Perhaps the most far reaching was the emergence of modern Nigerian art music, a genre which is conceptually similar to European classical music. This study focuses on Ayo Bankole, one of the pioneer composers of Nigerian art music. As an introductory study of Ayo Bankole, the article briefly discusses the musico-historical factors responsible for the growth of Nigerian art music as well as the nature of Bankole's musical training and experience. This provides an appropriate context for understanding and appreciating the stylistic features of Bankole's works. Drawing on examples from his works, the article establishes the eclectic nature of Bankole's style, in which European and African musical elements interact. / L'introduction d'activités de la part des missionnaires chrétiens et de l'administration coloniale du Nigéria dans la moitié du dix-neuvième siècle a conduit à des changements musicaux les plus importants dans le pays. Peut-être celui d'une portée la plus considérable a été l'apparition d'une musique artistique moderne nigérienne, un genre qui est conceptuellement similaire à la musique classique Européenne. Cette étude porte sur Ayo Bankole, l'un des premiers compositeurs de musique artistique nigérienne. En tant qu'étude préliminaire sur Ayo Bankole, l'article discute brièvement les facteurs musico-historiques responsables pour la montée de la musique nigérienne artistique aussi bien que la nature de la formation et expérience musicale de Bankole. Ceci fournit un contexte qui convient pour comprendre et apprécier les caractéristiques stylistiques des oeuvres de Bankole. S'inspirant d'exemples de ses oeuvres, cet article établit la nature éclectique du style de Bankole dans lequel se croisent des éléments musicaux européens et africains.

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