The History of the Hearsay Rule

John H. Wigmore
Harvard Law Review
Vol. 17, No. 7 (May, 1904), pp. 437-458
DOI: 10.2307/1323425
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1323425
Page Count: 22
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The History of the Hearsay Rule
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Notes and References

This item contains 61 references.

[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • 1892, Brunner, Deutsche Rechtsgeschichte, II. 397.
    • 1902, Schröder, Lehrbuch der deutschen Rechtsgeschichte, 4th ed., 772.
  • 2
    1898, Thayer, Preliminary Treatise on Evidence, 18, 499.
  • 3
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Thayer, ubi supra, 98
    • Seld. Soc., Select Civ. P1., I. No. 76
    • 1543, in Rolfe v. Hampden, Dyer 53 b
  • 4
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Thayer, ubi sepra, 17, 500
    • Brunner, Entstehung der Schwurgerichte
    • infra.
  • 5
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • 1670, Vaughan, C. J., in Bushel's Trial, 6 How. St. Tr. 999, 1003
    • 1696, Holt, C. J., in Charnock's Trial, 12 id. 1454.
  • 1
    Glasson, Hist. du droit et des inst. de la France, VI. 544.
  • 1
    Note 4, infra.
  • 2
    Thayer, ubi supra, 97, 102
  • 3
    Thayer, ubi supra, 121, 133.
  • 4
    Thayer, ubi supra, 92
  • 5
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Y. B. 28 H. VI. 6, 1
    • Thayer, 128
    • ib. 125.
  • 6
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Y. B. 20 H. VII. 11, 21
    • Thayer, 129
  • 7
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Y. B. 14 H. VII. 29, 4
    • Thayer, 132.
  • 8
    Thayer, ubi supra, 130.
  • 9
    St. 5 Eliz. c. 9, § 6.
  • 1
    Thayer, ubi supra, 130.
  • 2
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Y. B. 14 H. VII. 29, 4
    • cit. Thayer, 133
    • 3 Inst. 163
    • Thayer, ubi supra, 138, 150, 153, 167
  • 3
    Thayer, ubi supra, 102, 121, 122, 126.
  • 1
    Thayer, ubi supra, 179, 180, 430.
  • 2
    Lord Strafford's Trial (1640), 3 How. St. Tr. 1427, 1445, 1450
  • 3
    15HARV. L. REV.83.
  • 4
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • 1541, Rolfe v. Hampden, Dyer 53 b
    • 1622, Adam-ls v. Canon, Dyer 53 b, note
    • Pyke v. Crouch, infra.
  • 1
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • 1553, R. v. Thomas, Dyer 99 b
    • 1556, Dyer 134 a, note
    • 1628, Coke, 3d Inst. 25
    • Lord L,11mley's Case [1572]
    • Hale, Pleas of the Crown (1680), 1. 306, II. 287.
  • 2
    Jardine's Criminal Trials, I. 427.
  • 3
    Post, p. 447.
  • 1
    This reference contains 13 citations:
    • 1571, Duke of Norfolk's Trial, 1 How. St. Tr. 958
    • Jardine's Crim. Trials, I. 157, I58, 159, 179, 201, 206, 210
    • 1590, Stranham v. Cullington, Cro. Eliz. 228
    • 1601, Webb v. Petts, Noy 44
    • 2 Ed. 6
    • 1622, Adams v. Canon, Dyer 53 b, note
    • supra
    • 1632, Sherfield's Trial, 3 How. St. Tr. 519, 536
    • 1640, Earl of Strafford's Trial, ib. 1381, 1427
    • 1644, Archbishop Laud's Trial, 4 id. 315, 383
    • 1663, Moders' Trial, 6 id. 273, 276
    • 1669, Hawkinis' Trial, 3 How. St. Tr. 921, 935
    • 1670, Style's Practical Register173
  • 1
    Professor Willis-Bund, State Trials for Treason, 1882, vol. II. Introd. xx.
  • 2
    infra of 1680, 1681, 1682, 1686.
  • 3
    Colledge's Trial, infra.
  • 4
    This reference contains 19 citations:
    • 1673, Pickering v. Barkley, Vin. Abr. "Evidence," P, b, 1, vol. XII. 175
    • 1676, Rutter v. Hebden, 1 Keb. 754
    • 1678, Bishop Burnet on the Popish Plot, 6 How. St. Tr. 1406, 1422, 1427
    • 1678, Earl of Pembroke's Trial, ib. 1309, 1325, 1336
    • 1678, Ireland's Trial, 7 id. 79, 105
    • 1679, Samson v. Yardly, 2 Keb. 223
    • 1680, Anderson's Trial, 7 How. St. Tr. 811, 865
    • 1680, Gascoigne's Trial, ib. 959, 1019
    • 1681, Plunket's Trial, 8 id. 447, 458
    • 1681, Busby's Trial, ib. 525, 545
    • 1681, Colledge's Trial, ib. 549, 603
    • 1682, Lord Grey's Trial, 9 id. 127, 136
    • 1684, Hampden's Trial, ib. 1053, 1094
    • 1684, Braddon's Trial, ib. 1127, 1181, 1189
    • 1686, Lord Delamere's Trial, 11 id. 509, 548
    • 1692, Stainer v. Droitwich, 1 Salk. 281
    • 1693, Thompson v. Trevanion, Holt 286, Skinner 402
    • 1696, Charnock's Trial, 12 How. St. Tr. 1377, 1454
    • 1697, Pyke v. Crouch, 1 Ld. Raym. 730
  • 1
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • 1679, Knox's Trial, 7 How. St. Tr. 763, 790
    • 1683, Lord Russell's Trial, 9 id. 577, 613
    • 1692, Cole's Trial, 12 id. 876
    • 1725, Braddon, Observations on the Earl of Essex' Murder, 9 How. St. Tr. 1229, 1272
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • 1682, Lutterell v. Reynell, 1 Mod. 282
    • Ante 1726, Gilbert, Evidence, 149
  • 3
    1767, Buller, Trials at Nisi Prius, 294.
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • 1716, Hawkins, Pleas of the Crown, IT. 596, b. II. c. 46, § 44
    • 1736, Bacon, Abridgment, Evidence, (K)
  • 2
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • 1701, Captain Kidd's Trial, 14 How. St. Tr. 147, 177
    • 1716, Earl of Wintoun's Trial, 15 How. St. Tr. 804, 856.
    • 1723, Bishop Atterbury's Trial, 16 id. 323, 455.
    • 1725, L. C. Macclesfield's Trial, ib. 767, 1137.
    • 1743, Craig dem. Annesley v. Anglesea, 17 id. 1160
    • 1754, Canning's Trial, 19 id. 333, 406
  • 1
    1 How. St. Tr. 520.
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Rastal's Statutes (?), I. 102
    • Duke of Somerset's Trial, 1 How. St. Tr. 520
  • 5
    This reference contains 9 citations:
    • 1554, Throckmorton's Trial, 1 How. St. Tr. 862, 873, 880, 883
    • 1571, Duke of Norfolk's Trial, ib. 958, 978, 992
    • 1586, Abington's Trial, ib. 1142, 1148
    • 25 Edw. III.
    • 1603, Raleigh's Trial, 2 id. 16, 18
    • Jardine's Cr. Tr. I. 418, 420
    • 1649, Lilburne's Trial, 4 How. St. Tr. 1269, 1401
    • 15HARV. L. REV.83.
    • 1558, St. 1 Eliz. c. 1, § 27.
  • 1
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Mr. Jardine, in his Criminal Trials, 1. 514
    • 1 & 2 Philip and Mary, c. 10
    • King Henry VIII. ii. 1
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • 1615, Weston's Trial, 2 How. St. Tr. 911, 924.
    • 1615, Elwes' Trial, ib. 935, 941.
  • 2
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • 1571, Duke of Norfolk's Trial, 1 How. St. Tr. 958, passim.
    • 1586, Mary Queen of Scots' Trial, ib. 1162, 1183.
    • 1590, Udall's Trial, ib. 1271, 1302.
    • Mr. Jardine, in his Crimiinal Trials, I. 514
  • 3
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • 1586, Babington's Trial, 1 How. St. Tr. 1127, 1131.
    • 1589, Earl of Arundel's Trial, ib. 1250, 1252.
    • 1600, Earl of Essex' Trial, ib. 1333, 1344.
    • 1616, Earl of Somerset's Trial, 2 id. 965, 978
    • 33Amer. Law Rev.376
    • 1631, Lord Audley's Trial, 3 How. St. Tr. 401, 402
  • 1
    This reference contains 19 citations:
    • 1583, Puckley v. Bridges, Choice Cases in Ch. 163
    • 1 Swanst. 171
    • 1590, Udall's Trial, 1 How. St. Tr. 1271, 1283
    • Raleigh's Trial (1603), 2 id. 16, 18
    • 1612, Tomlinson v. Croke, 2 Rolle's Abr. 687, pl. 3
    • 1613, Fortescue & Coake's Case, Godb. 193
    • 1629, Anon., ib. 326
    • 1631, Fitzpatrick's Trial, 3 How. St. Tr. 419, 421
    • 1638, Dawby's Case, Clayt. 62
    • 1645, Lord Macguire's Trial, 4 How. St. Tr. 653, 672
    • 1658, Mordant's Trial, 5 id. 907, 922
    • 1666, Lord Morley's Case, Kel. 55, 6 How. St. Tr. 770
    • 1673, Blake v. Page, 1 Keb. 36
    • 1678, Bromwich's Case, 1 Lev. 180
    • 1678, Earl of Pembroke's Trial, 6 How. St. Tr. 1309, 1338
    • 1685, Oates' Trial, 10 id. 1227, 1285
    • 1692, Harrison's Trial, 12 id. 833, 851
    • 1606, Matthews v. Port, Comb. 63
    • 1662, St. 13-14 Car. II, c. 23, § 5
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Ante 1635, Hudson, Treatise of the Star Chamber, pt. III. § 21, in Hargr. Collect. Jurid. 200
    • 1637, Bishop of Lincoln's Trial, 3 How. St. Tr. 769, 772
  • 1
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • 1660, Mass. Revised Laws anid Liberties, Whitmore's ed., " Witnesses," § 2
    • 1692, Proprietor v. Keith, Pa. Colon. Cas. 117, 124
    • Browne's History of Maryland, 84.
  • 2
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Mr. Jardine, in his Criminal Trials, Introd., I. 25, 29
    • note 1, p. 452, Supra
    • ante, in note 3, p. 451.
  • 3
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • Ante 1668 (no date or name), Rolle's Abr. II. 679, pl. 9
    • 1669, R. v. Buckworth, 2 Keb. 403
    • Ante 1680, Hale, Pleas of the Crown, I. 306
    • 1688, Thatcher v. Waller, T. Jones 53
    • 1694, R. v. Taylor, Skinner 403
    • note 1, p. 452, supra.
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • 1696, R. v. Paine, 5 Mod. 163
    • 1 Salk. 281, 1 Ld. Raym. 729
  • 2
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • R. v. Paine
    • Hilary Term, 7 Wm. III.
    • Bishop Atterbury's Trial, in 1723, infra.
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • 1696, Fenwick's Trial, 13 How. St. Tr. 537, 591-607, 618-750
    • supra, note 1, p. 447
  • 1
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Bredon v. Gill (1697), 2 Salk. 555, 1 Ld. Raym. 219, 5 Mod. 279
    • Bishop Atterbury's Trial, 16 How. St. Tr. 323, 463, 471, 495, 503, 523, 536, 595, 607, 608, 616, 673
    • R. v. Paine occurs, at p. 536.
  • 2
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • 1730, Emlyn, Preface to State Trials, 1 How. St. Tr. xxv
    • Ante 1726, Gilbert, Evidence, 58 ff.
    • 1747, Eade v. Lingood, 1 Atk. 203
  • 4
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • 1739, R. v. Westbeer, 1Leach Cr. L., 4th ed., 12
    • 1762, Foster, Crown Law, 328
    • 1789, R. v. Woodcock, 2Leach Cr. L., 4th ed., 500
    • 1790, R. v. Eriswell, 3 T. R. 707
    • 1801, R. v. Ferryfrystone, 2 East 54
  • 1
    R. v. Eriswell, supra.
  • 2
    1889, Vann, J., in Lent v. Shear, 160 N. Y. 462, 55 N. E. Rep. 2.
  • 3
    St. 7-8 Wm. III. c. 3.
  • 4
    St. 6-7 Wm. IV. c. 114.
  • 5
    1688, Seven l3ishops' Trial, 12 How. St. Tr. 183.
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Lord George Gordon's case, 1781
    • H. B. Poland, A Century of Law Reform, 1901, p. 63
  • 2
    Campbell, Lives of the Chancellors, 5th ed., VIII. 307
  • 3
    Anderson v. State, 89 Ala. 12, 7 So. Rep. 429; 1890).