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Past Temperature Variations Inferred from a 400-Year Tree-Ring Chronology from Yukon Territory, Canada
G. C. Jacoby and E. R. Cook
Arctic and Alpine Research
Vol. 13, No. 4 (Nov., 1981), pp. 409-418
Published by: INSTAAR, University of Colorado
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1551051
Page Count: 10
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Growth rings, Heat sums, Climate models, Tree growth, Dendroclimatology, Precipitation, Time series, Principal components analysis, Paleoclimatology, Meteorology
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A time series of ring-width indices from 27 cores of 13 white spruce trees (Picea glauca [Moench] Voss) from Yukon Territory shows growth response to summer temperatures and other climatic variables. The correlations with various temperature parameters are high enough that past temperature information can be inferred for the last 400 yr. The highest simple correlation is between tree growth and total degree-days above 10°C for June and July. A substantial moisture stress in the trees towards the end of the growing season is also indicated. The chronology shows effects of the "Little Ice Age," of the subsequent NOrthern Hemisphere warming, and of a recent cooling trend. A second time-series of the first amplitude from a principal component analysis of the ring widths yields a better climatic signal than the time series of ring-width indices. These and other temperature-sensitive trees from near the northern tree line are being used in conjunction with improved analytical techniques to reconstruct temperature parameters for high-latitude areas.