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Journal Article

Inductive Risk and Values in Science

Heather Douglas
Philosophy of Science
Vol. 67, No. 4 (Dec., 2000), pp. 559-579
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/188707
Page Count: 21
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Inductive Risk and Values in Science
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Abstract

Although epistemic values have become widely accepted as part of scientific reasoning, non-epistemic values have been largely relegated to the "external" parts of science (the selection of hypotheses, restrictions on methodologies, and the use of scientific technologies). I argue that because of inductive risk, or the risk of error, non-epistemic values are required in science wherever non-epistemic consequences of error should be considered. I use examples from dioxin studies to illustrate how non-epistemic consequences of error can and should be considered in the internal stages of science: choice of methodology, characterization of data, and interpretation of results.

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