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Rethinking Presidentialism: Challenges and Presidential Falls in South America
Vol. 38, No. 4 (Jul., 2006), pp. 401-418
Published by: Comparative Politics, Ph.D. Programs in Political Science, City University of New York
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20434009
Page Count: 18
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Political protests, Street protests, Presidentialism, Impeachment, Democracy, Civil society, Political parties, Economic liberalism, Nonviolent protests, Labor protests
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Since 1978 forty percent of elected presidents in South America have been challenged by civilian actors trying to force them to leave office early. Twenty-three percent have fallen through impeachment and resignations. Challenged presidents were more likely to pursue neoliberal policies, be personally implicated in scandal, and lack a congressional majority than unchallenged presidents. The presence or absence of large street protests demanding their removal from office were crucial in determining their fates. Presidential falls confound several core assumptions about presidential regimes: that presidential terms are firmly fixed, that populations can not withdraw presidential mandates, and that political conflict in presidentialism results in democratic breakdown.
Comparative Politics © 2006 Comparative Politics, Ph.D. Programs in Political Science, City University of New York