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Marginal Horticulturalists or Maize Agriculturalists? Archaeobotanical, Paleopathological, and Isotopic Evidence Relating to Langford Tradition Maize Consumption

Thomas E. Emerson, Kristin M. Hedman and Mary L. Simon
Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology
Vol. 30, No. 1 (SPRING, 2005), pp. 67-118
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20708222
Page Count: 52
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Marginal Horticulturalists or Maize Agriculturalists? Archaeobotanical, Paleopathological, and Isotopic Evidence Relating to Langford Tradition Maize Consumption
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Abstract

Langford Tradition horticulture was long viewed as representing a marginalized form of Middle Mississippian agriculture resulting from an adaptation to the less fertile landscapes and marginal climatic conditions of northern Illinois. This adaptation was characterized as involving semi-sedentary maize horticulture combined with an intensive use of wild game and plants. Until recently direct evidence for reconstructing Langford diet and subsistence practices had been limited. In this first systematic study of the specific evidence of Langford maize consumption from archaeology, paleopathology, archaeobotany, and isotopic studies we suggest that these people are best characterized as maize dependent agriculturalists.

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