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Birth Outcomes by Mother's Age At First Birth in the Philippines

Jane E. Miller
International Family Planning Perspectives
Vol. 19, No. 3 (Sep., 1993), pp. 98-102
Published by: Guttmacher Institute
DOI: 10.2307/2133243
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2133243
Page Count: 5
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Birth Outcomes by Mother's Age At First Birth in the Philippines
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Abstract

Data on 2,063 newborns from the 1983-1984 Cebu (Philippines) Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey show that firstborn infants have significant disadvantages in birth weight, length of gestation, height, weight-for-gestational-age and weight-for-height compared with infants at higher birth orders. There are also notable health disadvantages for infants born to mothers younger than 18. On average, first-time mothers aged 21 or younger are shorter than older first-time mothers, weigh less, are less educated, have fewer financial assets and are less likely to have received modern prenatal care. Even in the presence of controls for these attributes, however, firstborn infants born to women younger than 18 are of lower birth weight, shorter gestation, shorter height, and lower weight-for-height than are those born to women aged 22 or older; health disadvantages for infants born to women aged 18-21 are no longer statistically significant, though, when the effects of maternal characteristics are controlled.

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