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Gender, Multiple Roles, Role Meaning, and Mental Health
Robin W. Simon
Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Vol. 36, No. 2 (Jun., 1995), pp. 182-194
Published by: American Sociological Association
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2137224
Page Count: 13
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Gender roles, Men, Wives, Husbands, Spouses, Sex linked differences, Mental health, Employment, Working women, Marriage
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This paper examines gender differences in the consequences of combining spouse, parent, and worker roles for mental health. I suggest that work and family roles have different meanings for males and females, and that differences in the meaning of these roles may be partially responsible for why the mental health advantages of holding multiple roles are fewer for women than for men. Based on qualitative analyses of follow-up, in-depth interviews with 40 employed married parents who participated in a community panel study of mental health, I find that sex differences in the perceived relationship between work and family roles may help account for sex differences in distress by contributing to male-female differences in both the extent and nature of work-parent conflicts, attributions of responsibility for marital problems, feelings of guilt, and self-evaluations as parents and spouses. By identifying gender differences in the meaning of roles among individuals who have the same multiple role configuration, and suggesting how these differences can help explain sex differences in well-being, this research may expand existing theories about the mental health consequences of multiple role involvements.
Journal of Health and Social Behavior © 1995 American Sociological Association