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Motivation: New Directions for Theory, Research, and Practice

Terence R. Mitchell
The Academy of Management Review
Vol. 7, No. 1 (Jan., 1982), pp. 80-88
Published by: Academy of Management
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/257251
Page Count: 9
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Motivation: New Directions for Theory, Research, and Practice
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Abstract

The current state of motivation theory is reviewed. Emphasis is placed on the internal, unobservable aspects of motivation and the distinction between motivation and behavior and performance. Major theories of motivation concerned with the arousal and choice of behavior are examined, problems of implementation are discussed, and directions for future research are suggested. They include study of the circumstances under which any given motivational theory is most effective. The long-run objective should be a contingency type model of motivation.

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