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Journal Article

La couleur des yeux a l'époque du Ier Empire: Quelques commentaires sur l'évolution de ce caractère durant 238 ans

P.-A. Gloor and J. Houdaille
Annales. Histoire, Sciences Sociales
31e Année, No. 4 (Jul. - Aug., 1976), pp. 677-699
Stable URL: https://www.jstor.org/stable/27580295
Page Count: 23
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
La couleur des yeux a l'époque du Ier Empire: Quelques commentaires sur l'évolution de ce caractère durant 238 ans
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Abstract

The army records preserved in the archives of Vincennes provide millions of individual descriptions of soldiers. In this paper, the evolution of eye colour by département from the time of the First Empire up to 1940 is studied by means of a very simple index of colouration (percentage of grey eyes). The subjects belonging to the different series were, however, examined by quite different methods. In this connection it should be mentionned that the proportion of grey eyes increased towards 1770 and then decreased after 1880. In the East of France a brighter shade is observed to appear which could correspond to a trend away from the brachycephalic type long since noted by anthropologists. Several series concerning privileged social classes ("polytechnicians", senators of the Empire) show, moreover, that considerable differences existed between classes both with respect to size and to eye colour.

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