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Journal Article

Economic Reforms and Urban Development in China

Wen H. Kuo
Pacific Affairs
Vol. 62, No. 2 (Summer, 1989), pp. 188-203
DOI: 10.2307/2760578
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2760578
Page Count: 16
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Economic Reforms and Urban Development in China
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Abstract

China's urban policy-makers have recently experienced mounting social presures to improve their urban conditions. This paper argues that some of the urban development problems confronted by economic reformers originated in the Stalinist model of economic development instituted in prereform years. Overstress on the development of heavy industry and a centralized economic planning system deprived the cities of organizational structures which would have enabled them to achieve sound urban development. The economic reforms of recent years have initiated some urban-organization and policy changes. However, the pace and magnitude of change among cities varies, as does their ability to resolve their existing urban underdevelopment problems. Analysis reveals Chinese urban policy-makers are still reacting mainly to social pressures resulting from economic growth. The service needs of the cities do not seem to have played a significant role in the data insofar as the allocation of urban capital investment funds and the improvement or urban services are concerned.

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